Archive of news and discussions

From Stable State

2022-12-13: India and China fight on a disputed border in the Arunachal Pradesh region

Another rather strange fight because of an unclear border is happening between China and India. This is why the Stable State proposes very clear regulations regarding borders: mark them clearly and when these marks remain for 5 years, then this is the world-wide accepted border. The details of the regulations can be read under Constitution#C.03 Define the confines.

It may all seem archaic with mounting border stones but as this conflict as well as the Ukraine conflict prove: it is necessary to have very clear regulations on state confines and manifest them in reality. There were some 'Budapest contracts', papers, in the Ukraine/Russia case. But obviously these papers were not worth much and can as well be burned. If Ukraine would have marked the borders to Russia in 1990 so very clearly, and vice versa, then it would have been much more obvious that Russia breaks the law of peace.

Also, those fights are really strange in the reasoning. Why is it 'better' for a geographic region and its people to belong to state X instead of to state Y? Well, the only real reason can be that state X, the invador, wants to rob ressources i.e. break the law of respect or to deport or kill the people i.e. break the law of peace. Of course, state X can always claim "50 years ago, 500 years ago, 5'000 years ago this region belonged to a predecessor state of X". E.g. Germany can claim this for today's Kaliningrad, Ex-Königsberg. And many other states for many other regions. But those claims, if older than 5 years since the last attempt to change the border stones, must really internationally be forbidden to be brought forward. And every UNO country bringing such a claim must pay 1 billion USD fine. For example.

To summarise: The pure reason 'this once belonged to our state' must never be accepted or even brought forward by statesmen/women, to claim a region. And all other reasons to conquer a region are violations of the laws of respect and/or peace. And must be fought back with all military power of all democratic states of this world.

So, just stop these border fights, also between Serbia and Kosovo, Taiwan and China, etc.. There, the right of every region to become independent must also be respected. The Stable State's proposed regulations for this can be read under Constitution#C.05 Structure the inner territory into communities, namely C.05.3 Leaving a stablestate, C.05.4 Integrating a region from a foreign state.  

2022-05-31: Continued military actions of Russia in Ukraine

Still, Russia does massive military actions on Ukraine territory. Also, it continues to officially tell untrue claims like Ukraine is nazi-ruled or there was genozide done in Donbass or that NATO is a threat for Russia.

We believe that the UN must have rules in place that automatically suspend all active participation rights of states in the security council, in the UN plenary and other committees if

  • they do not commit to published confines according to rule C.03 Define the confines and or are currently violating them by military actions outside their territory


  • they make untrue official statements

And the truth/non-truth is revealed with the truth challing process of S.02 Truth Challenging.

2022-03-12: Military actions of Russia in Ukraine

Since 2 weeks, Russia does massive military actions on Ukraine territory. Also, Russia claims that parts of Ukraine belong to Russia and/or to 'independent new states'. Russia claims to bring peace to Ukraine. This is a blatant breach of international law and must be punished. What should be the correct process? Step by step:

(1) Russia claims that Nato is a threat to Russia. But Nato is a defense alliance. Nato must submit a request to Russia that 'Nato will never attack Russia and Russia acknowledges this'. If Russia fails to acknowledge this, it must quit the UN and UN security council.

(2) Russia claims that Krim belongs to Russia. Ukraine can accept this or fight. If there is no fight for 5 years, then Ukraine cannot claim Krim back. Confer to Stable State rule SC.03.5 (and rule SC.03.8).

(3) Russia claims that in Donbass (Luhansk and Donezk) the Ukraine did genocide on Russians. For such things (and others), we'd need a new instrument of neutral and correct reporting/investigations: UN reporters. They must be granted access to all regions and locations and are required to report what they see and get evidence for. If a country does not grant access, it is automatically expelled from the UN and all its organisations. Maybe 3 independent UN reporting organisations must be established to assure double verifiable reports (if only 2 and they report differently, one cannot tell what is correct. if 3 and 2 report consistently then, with low rest likelyhood of error, this is the correct report). This UN reporters can (must) also be present at votings, justice processes, etc. in 'questionable' countries.

So, we cannot tell if this is true or not. But for sure we can tell that it is not Russia that is allowed to claim this. Russia must put this claim to the UN and UN reports/verifies. And if Ukraine does not grant access, then the claim is automatically true. Else, the UN reporters will report neutrally on the Donbass situation. And the claim is either verified or falsified. But all by UN, not Russia.

(4) Russia acknowledges 2 independent new states, Luhansk and Donezk, both on Ukraine territory. Again, this is not valid. Only the UN can accept new states. But they must first be democratically decided according to rule SC.06.2. And this democratic process reported by the UN reporters.

(5) Russia enters Ukraine with military forces. This is an invasion as per rule SC.03.8 and must be fought with all means by Ukraine military forces. Other states should help Ukraine, because the law violator is Russia. If Russia gets away with this, then the entire international law and law enforcement must be trashed. And the good states must stand together and be military-wise stronger than the bad states. This is not what we want. But if there is a foul player he must be forced by all others to quit the game and not take over the overall ruling.

By the way: the veto rights in the UN security commission is a joke and must be abolished. Or the UN security commission dissolved as it is now. Completely useless in our opinion.

Questions and answers:

Q: How to get out of a dictatorship like Russia and transform this land and its people into a democracy like the stable state?

A: Again, the UN reporters can help. If not welcome in a country, then this country is automatically and immediately expelled from the UN. The UN is the world-wide assembly of democratic 'good' states. Actually, Putin, unfortunately, is just a simple mafioso and criminal mind. But he has nuclear weapons in his hands and terrorises the world with it. The only way out is to wait until Putin dies or otherwise looses his command power over nuclear weapons. We do not think that Russia or the Russian people are bad - not at all. But Russia must free itself from mafia, corruption and violence. Convert to a true democracy with self-confident, mature, educated and defensible citizens. Not be sheep-like humans that fear the armed mafiosos and its boss, Putin.

The same is likely true for some other mafioso states (Belarus, North Corea, ...) and also other corrupt states.  

2022-01-09: Violence against unarmed protesters in Kasachstan

Introduction: What happens in Kasachstan also happens in many other dictatorship-like 'pseudo-democracies' or 'people's republics' (Belarus, Syria, Myanmar, North-Corea, China, ...). In the stable state and also real democracies, this cannot happen and it is a 'symptom' of a state organisation that is led by a mafia (= a minority of armed people harrassing and exploiting the unarmed majority) instead of the people themselves.

This is one of the reasons, in the stable state, each grown-up (normal and healthy) citizen, male and female, serves in the army and knows how to handle modern weapons for self-defence and also has such a weapon with ammunition at home. This prevents the oppression of the people by few armed and violence-using villains. Also, in the stable state each citizen must participate each month in the community gatherings. There, all state affairs and processes of the past month are transparently revealed, can be openly, non-violently and thoroughly challenged and discussed. If groups of people want to change rules, there is a peaceful, democratic and transparent process to do so. Also, juristiction is transparent and, if challenged, democratic. This fosters a culture of peaceful and reason-driven discussions and decisions.

Also, the state's representatives are always (married) couples and have no aquired or inherited 'right' to be in this position. At any time, if a representative couple does not act according to the rules, it will be warned (1x) and then be decommissioned. This is also one of the rationales behind the standard replacement couples regulation (SC.08, SC.08.03). At any time, if a representative gets out of service it is immediatly clear who follows. The state's functioning is never dependend on single persons - there is explicitly no 'persons cult'; no statues nor posters or pictures of state's representatives in charge are allowed.

Questions and answers:

Q: How to get out of a dictatorship like Kasachstan and transform this land and its people into a democracy like the stable state?

A: This is very difficult. History suggests that breaking free from a feudal or dictator or mafia government (all considered equal here; all also claiming they want the best, stability and prosperity for the 'cows they are milking') involves violence. But the stable state proposes a purely peaceful way. Except if you are attacked or arrested by the mafia (= dictator police or whatever) without you having broken the laws of truth, respect and peace, then you must violently defend yourself!

The peaceful way proposed is that

- each state is assessed with respect to its democracy-level

- and is not allowed to carry the label 'democracy' nor 'republic' if not fulfilling the minimum levels for those

Still, we think it is important to support travelling, cultural exchange and trade/commerce with the people of those states. However, no fees to such states shall be paid - just people to people, business to business direct interactions and transactions. If the dictator state does not allow this, then a stable state does not interact with the people of this state.

2021-08-19: Corona

Introduction: The Corona (COVID-19 and variants thereafter) pandemic has shaken the world from February/March 2020 until now, August 2021. And it's not over yet. Because the stable state is based on Truth, foremost in the meaning of science, there is the requirement that science gives the answers to fight against a pandemic disease such as Corona. Also, with the principle of Respect, there is a requirement for all people to keep appropriate distance from each other. And the principle of Peace, requires nobody to infect others with violating the science-based rules.

Also, the stable state pushes a maximum of responsibility to the individuals. But would never force businesses to close. Instead, there would be:

The medicine industry immediately asked (with financial subsidies) to:

  • develop tests
  • develop treatments
  • develop prevention measures (like vaccination)
  • organise additional (helper) capacity for the (over)loaded hospitals

Have clear well-defined measurements:

  • death rates (per age group - distinguishing Corona-only and With-Corona)
  • hospital (over)load rates
  • infection rates - but non-biased measured per region, e.g. using waste-water sampling or random persons sampling using free tests

and the state would organise/finance the development and execution of these measurements using its community based organisation with the science responsibles and helpers.

And finally, the science-based prevention rules would be clearly and simply stated per region (and house) - without complicated exemptions:

  • wash hands
  • keep distance
  • wear a mask in public indoor places
  • get vaccinated (once a well-tested effective vaccine is available at sufficient capacity) - per risk group and only if health-wise possible
  • do not meet persons from other households without being vaccinated/tested-antibodies - the state/community would issue the (electronic) proof for this and provide the proof-checking infrastucture.

With very clear and severe violation punishments. Especially, there can be a rule in place that hospital costs must be paid by the patients (fully or partly) instead of being paid by the state. This is the ultimate "push" to adhere to the prevention rules - especially to keep the distance. As soon as hospital load rates are low, such a rule can be released.

Questions and answers:

Q: Why is travelling not restricted?

A: It is sufficient to state the 'keep distance' and 'do not meet persons ..' rules. If you adhere to them, why not travelling? Maybe an airplane can only be filled 30% or less. Maybe at the airport or train stations you must wait in long 'distancing' queues. But we would never forbid.

Q: Do you mean getting vaccinated can be made mandatory by the community? (with health-driven exemptions)

A: Yes. Of course, in the stable state all community rules are democratically decided.

2020-08-29: Trump

Introduction: We know him. The way he speaks and acts should be reason enough to question why a single human being should politically have such enormous power. With our modern communication means, this is simply no longer needed. Every citizen shall have equal political regulation power - a pure direct democracy shall be established. Educated grown-up human beings do not need a leader or guru to follow. The elected state officials must be pure executives of the collectively agreed rules. They must 100% comply to those and the 3 laws and ideals; there is no such thing as immunity.

Questions and answers:

Q: But not all grown-ups in all countries are (well) educated. What about these?

Our answers/comments: Unfortunately, this is true. A community or geographic region where some 20 or so percent of all grown-ups are not educated according to the Stable State's standards (btw: reading and writing is a requirement but not sufficient) cannot properly function according to the Stable State rules. Education, practical competences and justified self-confidence are a must for citizens as we require them.

Q: Are you sure that all single details of decrees and regulations must be voted on by all?

Our answers/comments: Yes, if all people are impacted. There can be industry- or science-specific topics, e.g. in medicine, construction, transportation, ... where it is foreseen that the decisions are made by the community of the certified professionals. Note by ALL professionals democratically, not by some committee. Again, the modern communication means are such that it is NOT necessary to 'elect' or 'nominate' a small number of people. It is exactly this process of delegation of power and control that introduces security leaks and corruption into any system.

Q: But companies are more successful when a boss organises all, is responsible and the employees obey - why should this be different for a state/community?

Our answers/comments: Because you can choose to be employee of a company and 'quit the game'. But not with the state or community which by definition is a monopolistic organisation governing monopolistic processes and, hence, must be under the control of all. The laws and rules are the "boss" and the state representatives are the employees. Companies can work in whatever mode they want - provided their services/products comply to the promises. And among companies there is competition, this is also not true for the state. A state's objectives are not to be innovative, successful, ... but simply to assure, not the least by applying the armed forces monopoly-- that the ideals of truth, respect and peace shall be maximised for all in its confines.  

2020-03-15: Corona Virus Pandemic

Introduction: By end of 2019, in Wuhan/China, a new type of Corona virus COVID19 appeared. It is contagious and about 10x more letal than the seasonal flu. What makes it quite dangerous are the facts that in many cases, mainly to healthy people, the infection does not make severe symptoms, that it survives for days on surfaces and that the incubation time is a long 14 days on average. So it may disseminate "unvercover". Elderly people, maybe with already ongoing other infections, are the most vulnerable. The virus infects the lungs and ultimately leads to respiratory failure. By begin-to-mid March 2020, it has reached many parts of Asia, Europe, the US, South America, etc. and is classified as pandemic by the UN. Many countries take severe measures to delay and decrease the infections wave, namely restrict travelling, closing schools, closing non-basic-supply stores, etc. The economic negative impacts are promised to be (partially) covered by the states.

Questions and answers:

Q: Is the state allowed to take and enforce measures?

Our answers/comments: Yes, not only is it allowed to but it MUST do so in time according to scientific advise i.e. the medical scientific advisory board. In general, the stable state is science-based whereever possible. There is no sense, in turning a rational science-based decision by a democratic (or autocratic, bureaucratic, ...) overruling.

Q: How can the negative economic impacts be mitigated?

Our answers/comments: The stable state's income is stable (sic!) because it is based on property and not turnover nor income. Therefore, financial support can be provided. On one hand, for persons the basic income is payed in the normal mode for the ones "laid off" by the measures. On the other hand, for corporations, applications for loans or subventions can be made to cover the fixed costs incurring while income drops. The latter, the stable state also foresees in normal times. The decision on those applications is democratic (!) and it is in the hands of all citizens to support rightful applications.

2020-01-06: Strikes in France

Introduction: Because of announced changes regarding superannuation many people in France, especially the train/SCNF employees, went on strike. The public life was largely impacted.

Question: Is there a right to go on strike?

Our answers/comments:

(A) You can only go on strike if you work under a valid work contract. So, this question must be answered in the context of work contracts and collective labour agreements. If your employer violates the work contract, e.g. does not pay you as agreed, you have the right to go on strike. This is not considered a breech of the contract. If an employer changes contracts under collective labour agreements only for 1 or few employees to get better conditions in a "salami" tactics way, then all employees under the collective labour agreement have the right to go on strike.

(B) However, in all other situations than (A), a strike is not allowed.

(C) In the mentioned case in France one root problem is that the president as executive power can change rules. We repeat that in the StableState, the executives are PURE executives and have no power for "amendments" or any even minor rules or parameter change or introduction. It is always the people that change the rules - not even elected representatives. The concept of a parliament or senate does not exist in the StableState. All citizens together define and change the rules with a democratic majority (cf. P percentage of citizens changing a rule).

(D) The second problem is that he has only announced the change. So, there is no right to strike. What the employee organisations, unions, could and should do is announce the non-agreement. If the employer still only offers these conditions by a certain date and terminates the old work contracts then the employees have the right to collectively not accept them. By the date they are hence no longer obligated to work and can kind-of go "on strike".

2019-11-23: Preparation of Federal Council elections in Switzerland (german: Bundesratswahlen)[edit | edit source]

Introduction: There are 7 Federal Councils in Switzerland. Together they form the highest executive body. One of them is elected President of the Federation for 1 year, but this title has purely representative character and does not imply more decisive power. Currently, the question of the representation of the Green party with 1 Federal Council is discussed with verve. The Green party has recently doubled its representatives and ends at 13% of the Federal Assembly. Normally, each party gets represented in the Federal Council to this proportion. But the Federal Assembly that holds these votes does not have any obligation to do so. Then, the candidate of the Green party is Regula Rytz from Berne, a canton that already has a Federal Council, Simonetta Sommaruga. Normally, each region should be represented in the Federal Canton and no canton have more than 1 member.

Observation: Now, a turmoil about Regula Rytz candidature is going on. Is it too early? The wrong person?

Our comments: In our eyes, the turmoil is an unnecessary and contraproductive waste of energy. First, we observe an unholy intertwining of the legislative and executive powers. In the StableState, the executives are PURE executives and have no power for "amendments" or any even minor rules or parameter change or introduction. But apart from this, we would recommend to remedy the turmoils with a clear rule to assure regional representation and a voting system that assures the political "parties'" representation. Although, the StableState does not officially know about parties. For Switzerland (higher order community) each of 7 regions (lower order communities) would have exactly 1 representative in the Federal Council. And the candidates and voting body would be exactly all current executives of the lower order communities according to State constitution#SC.08 Organise the elections of the State Representatives .28aka State Officials.29 for 4 years. The key of this ruleset is, that every candidate must provide an ordered list of replacing candidates (= the "political friends") preferably 1 from each region. And if elected but the region is not fitting, then the replacing candidate from the correct region is elected.

BTW: the 7 regions should be

  1. GR, TI, VS - Südschweiz - 826'436 inhabitants
  2. AI, AR, GL, SG, SH, TG - Ostschweiz - 895'239 inhabitants
  3. BL, BS, JU, NE, SO - Nordwestschweiz - 950'462 inhabitants
  4. GE, VD - Les Welsches - 1'134'351 inhabitants
  5. BE, FR - Die Zweisprachigen / les bilingues - 1'237'836 inhabitants
  6. AG, LU, NW, OW, SZ, UR, ZG - Innerschweiz - 1'324'805 inhabitants
  7. ZH - Zürich - 1'332'727

2019-10-19: Parlament elections in Switzerland (german: National- und Ständeratswahlen)

We observe a mass of candidates with ads in all media and along the streets. The StableState does NOT believe in the necessity and utility of this. Instead, we promote the direct democracy for every rules and parameters decisions. No need to elect so-called representatives. The representative idea stems from times where transportation and communication was not as developed as today.

2019-02-23: Discussions on the EU-Switzerland institutional framework agreement

In agile democracy, there is basically no need for and therefore no treaties with other states in this respect. Such "treaties" pose the basic problem of enforceability or jurisdiction in the event that one of the countries fails to comply with the agreements. It would require a common jurisdiction and also a security organisation (police, possibly even military) agreed somehow between the countries if such treaties are really to function. But this is not possible according to agile democracy. Conclusion: You don't have to discuss it.
Why contracts are not needed? You can look at what contracts with other states or alliances of states are about: demarcation, customs duties, movement of persons, education, research, military alliances if necessary, police cooperation, "clearing up" "old debts" if necessary (recuperation payments, ...). All important things. But agile democracy provides for pre-defined, non-negotiable and thus stable rules for all these questions. Demarcation: The rules of State constitution#SC.03 Define the confines apply. Customs duties: There are none. But democratically decided price war distance limits apply, which ignore national borders, i.e. if e.g. a price war distance limit of 50 km is fixed for bakery products, then bakery products at a place of our state, which lies close to the border, e.g. 5 km, can still be competed with cheaper bakery products by foreign bakery product providers, which are closer than 45 km. As soon as the distance exceeds 50km, however, the supplier must offer more expensive, whether he is at home or abroad. I.e. he must convince with the quality. The rules of State constitution#SC.05 Free trade apply. Passenger traffic: There are no restrictions. But the rules of State constitution#SC.06 Free persons travelling apply, which prevent unlimited numbers of inactive persons from staying with us in the medium or long term (no reason important: cannot find a job, cannot, does not want to, ...). Education/research: No restrictions apply, but the trainee/researcher must comply with the rules on the movement of persons and education/research (Culture sports science). Military alliances: none are possible. If we wish to form a military alliance with another state, then a state merger can or must take place in accordance with the democratic rules in a state constitution.

Why are these treaties not needed (Part 2)? In agile democracy there are no secret treaties; there are also no persons who could obtain the special competence to conduct negotiations. No one, not even the president or "minister", is authorized to do so. Exceptions only apply in times of war. An agile democracy in peacetime is absolutely neutral and treats every foreign state equally. We are convinced that this is central to peacekeeping. However: Due to the natural conditions and the rules for free trade with price war rays, which can extend into neighbouring states, neighbouring or geographically close foreign states are somewhat preferred.

Is there a difference between "contracts", "agreements", "treaties" or "alliances"? No.

Which treaties are allowed with other states? Only those concerning the permitted use of our state's territory by airplanes, ships, tunnels, ... or for transit traffic purposes, which are not considered as entry into our state ("overflight", ship passage, car/railway passage, and analogous uses). The regulations of the State Constitution, Section SC 03 (State constitution#SC.03 Define the confines) apply.

Deutsche Version:

Diskussionen zum institutionellen Rahmenabkommen EU-Schweiz: In der agilen Demokratie gilt, dass es grundsätzlich keine diesbezüglichen Verträge mit anderen Staaten braucht und ergo gibt. Es besteht mit solchen "Verträgen" nämlich das Grundproblem der Durchsetzbarkeit bzw. Rechtssprechung im Fall, dass eines der Länder die Vereinbarungen nicht einhält. Es würde eine irgendwie zwischen den Ländern vereinbarte gemeinsame Gerichtsbarkeit und auch Sicherheitsorganisation (Polizei, ggf. sogar Militär) benötigen, wenn solche Verträge wirklich funktionieren sollen. Doch so etwas ist gemäss der agilen Demokratie nicht möglich. Fazit: Man muss nicht darüber diskutieren

Warum braucht es die Verträge nicht? Dazu kann man schauen, um was es bei Verträgen mit anderen Staaten oder Staatenbündnissen geht: Grenzziehung, Zölle, Personenverkehr, Bildung, Forschung, ggf. Militärbündnisse, Zusammenarbeit der Polizei, ggf. "Aufräumen" von "alten Schulden" (Rekuperationszahlungen, …). Alles wichtige Dinge. Aber die agile Demokratie sieht für alle diese Fragen vorgegebene, nicht verhandelbare und somit stabile Regeln vor. Grenzziehung: Es gelten die Regeln von State constitution#SC.03 Define the confines. Zölle: Es gibt keine. Sondern es gelten demokratisch entschiedene Preiskampf-Distanzlimiten, welche aber Landesgrenzen ignorieren, d.h. wenn z.B. für Backwaren eine Preiskampf-Distanzlimite von 50km festgelegt ist, dann können Backwaren an einem Ort unseres Staates, der nahe an der Grenze liegt, z.B. 5km, noch von ausländischen Backwaren-Anbietern, die näher als 45km sind, mit günstigeren Backwaren konkurrenziert werden. Sobald die Distanz aber 50km überschreitet, muss der Anbieter teurer anbieten, ob er im In- oder Ausland liegt. D.h. er muss mit der Qualität überzeugen. Es gelten die Regeln von State constitution#SC.05 Free trade. Personenverkehr: Es gibt keine Einschränkungen. Aber es gelten die Regeln von State constitution#SC.06 Free persons travelling, welche verhindern, dass sich beliebig viele nicht-erwerbsfähige (Grund spielt keine Rolle: findet keine Stelle, kann nicht, will nicht, …) ausländische Personen mittel-/längerfristig bei uns aufhalten. Bildung/Forschung: Es gelten keine Einschränkungen, aber der/die Auszubildende/Forschende muss die Regeln zum Personenverkehr und Bildung/Forschung (Culture sports science) einhalten. Militärbündnisse: es sind keine möglich. Wenn wir uns mit einem anderen Staat militärisch verbünden möchten, dann kann bzw. muss eine Staatenfusion gemäss den demokratischen Regeln in State constitution erfolgen.

Warum braucht es diese Verträge nicht (2. Teil)? In der agilen Demokratie gibt es keine Geheimverträge; es gibt auch keine Personen, welche die Sonderkompetenz erhalten könnten, Verhandlungen zu führen. Niemand, auch nicht der/die Staatspräsident/-in oder "Minister", ist dazu befugt. Nur in Kriegszeiten gelten Ausnahmeregelungen. Eine agile Demokratie in Friedenszeiten ist absolut neutral und behandelt jeden fremden Staat gleich. Wir sind überzeugt, dass dies für die Friedenssicherung zentral ist. Allerdings: Durch die natürlichen Gegebenheiten und die Regeln zum Freihandel mit Preiskampf-Rayons, die sich in Nachbarstaaten ausdehnen können, sind benachbarte bzw. geographisch nahe gelegene fremde Staaten etwas bevorzugt.

Gibt es einen Unterschied zwischen "Abkommen" und "Verträgen"? Nein.

Welche Verträge mit anderen Staaten sind erlaubt? Nur solche betreffend der erlaubten Nutzung von Hoheitsgebiet unseres Staates durch Flugzeuge, Schiffe, Tunnels, … bzw. zu Transitverkehrszwecken, die nicht als Eintritt in unseren Staat gewertet werden ("Überflug", Schiffsdurchfahrt, Auto-/Bahndurchfahrt, und analoge Nutzungen). Es gelten dazu die Regelungen der Staatskonstitution, Abschnitt SC 03 (State constitution#SC.03 Define the confines).