From Stable State


The constitutional domain of a state defines the state, represents the state towards other states, organises the state and is headed by the president couple.

This applies to the state as a whole but also to its so-called communities, i.e. the smallest state units, the basic communities, then the higher-order communities (that may be called quarters, regions, cantons, provinces, ...) until to the one top-level community which is called the state.

The definitional rules and tasks begin with agreeing on the official languages, giving the state a name and defining the confines in accordance with neighbouring states. Then, the inside is structured and organised into the basic communities and higher-order communities and then each basic community into plots, buildings and floors.

The organisational rules and tasks mainly say that the president couple must call and lead the community meetings where decisions must be taken and ensure that the other representatives work. There can be no delayed decisions, meetings take as long as all pending issues are decided.

Finally, the representational rules and tasks apply when other states representatives officially visit a stable state or issues are to be discussed with other states. Note that a stable state cannot sign contracts or any other binding regulations with other states, except confines usage contracts. Stable states, however, can merge with other stable states.

What the President's Department owns: a gathering place/room for the monthly meetings. It can also be used for other events of public nature - like sports or arts events. But it must always be perfectly ready for the monthly meetings.


  • Two official languages for all - one of which must be the world language. At least two, that is. But each citizen is required to just master two.
  • Clear borders and no claims on 'foreign' territory.
  • All neighbour and other states are treated the same and in peace - the stable state stays military neutral in all cases.
  • Democratic and peaceful split and merge processes of communities and with other states.
  • A simplified and unified calendar, work days and holidays regulation - respecting all religions but also requiring flexibility by all religions.
  • A defined proportion of land and water remains as 'wild areas' completely left to nature - to ensure biodiversity and a healthy planet.
  • Industry-specific price-competition distances are defined to protect local knowledge and to reduce supply chains and dependencies.
  • A fixed decision cycle is enforced that does not allow to delay decisions.
  • The state representatives are always married couples - so gender representation is always 50/50 or close enough.
  • The president couple and the other state representatives are not rulers but pure executives of the rules defined by all citizens.
  • The legislative power remains in all citizens hands - preventing corruption, lobbyism and power-seeking persons taking control.
  • Transparent and truely democratic processes for decision making, votes and elections, are in place.


C.01 Official languages

C.01.1 First official language of a basic community

The native language spoken and written by a majority if not all in the basic community is chosen as the first official language. It is decided by the standard democratic procedure, if not obvious. If it is not the world language, it must also have a phonetically written form using the standard alphabet, a dictionary and teaching material to learn the language for speakers of the world language. This material is developed under the governance of the domain 3 Science, Culture and Sports. It can also have another traditional writing. But all state documents must be (also) be published in the phonetic alphabet form.

C.01.2 Second official language of a basic community

If the world language is the first official language, then any other language fulfilling the conditions outlined in C.01.1 must be chosen as the second official language. It is decided by the standard democratic procedure. Else, the world language must be the second official language. The world language dictionary and teaching material is developed by

C.01.3 Additional official languages of a basic community

Optionally, additional official languages fulfilling the conditions outlined in C.01.1, can be defined by and for a basic community through the standard democratic procedure.

C.01.4 Official languages of a higher order community

When an official language of a part-community is single, i.e. no other part-community of the higher-order community has it as official language, then the higher-order community, while still having the duty to communicate everything in this 'singleton-language', does NOT have this language as its official language. All other non-single official languages automatically become official languages of the higher-order community.

C.01.5 Defining the world language

If all Stable States democratically agree, the world language can be changed. We propose the fonetic inglish or baerndewch to start and both fulfill the conditions of C.01.1 which must be given for a world language. If the world language is changed then this means that there is a transition phase of 5 years when 2 world languages are supported in parallel. As soon as the new one is mastered by all citizens or the 5 years are over then the old is decommissioned as world language.

Comments on C.01 Languages regulations

Language is the foundation for understanding each other. Therefore, this is the first thing to agree upon when constituting a community and is the first set of rules for a StableState. You can observe a design-principle of the StableState in these rules: decisions are made bottom-up. So, the basic communities decide and higher-order communities just propagate this up until the official languages at state-level are published. This allows small languages, spoken by maybe only a few hundred people, to continue officially existing provided that there is a dictionary and teaching material. And it supports the identification of the people with the state which is very important. Not: the state or authorities against us - but: we are the state and the authorities work for the people.

Normally, defining the most-frequently spoken language in basic community comes naturally. Issues might arise with defining a second language which is mandatory in the stable state. It is our fundamental believe that this, also mastering a second language, contributes to the openmindedness and peacefulness of people.

And by mandating a second language, the stable state also provides the foundation for a world language. We believe that our world needs such a language. Currently, English, is de facto the most commonly spoken language as first or second language. So, we might use English. However, there is a problem with the English writing, it is very far from being phonetic. Therefore, we'd propose a phonetically written form of English as the world language. Maybe there is also another problem with English as being a language of past imperialism. Or from the perspective of other imperialist states, being the language of the competitor. So, we can also propose a neutral language from that point of view: baerndewch or Bärndütsch, the german spoken in Berne, Switzerland. It has the advantage of being a natural language over some 'artifical' one like Esperanto and at the same time, it is not negatively cannotated by any nation and must be learned by virtully the entire world population. So, it might be a fair decision.


If in a country, the official languages are decided bottom-up and also minority languages and dialects get official (educational) support, then this country gets 10 democracy-points.

C.02 Name, flag and anthems

C.02.1 Define a community's (state's) name

The name of a community must be defined in all community languages, not only the official ones. This by the standard democratic procedure, if not obvious. It must be different from that of all sibling and neighbour communities, This also applies to the name of the entire state which must be different from that of all other states in the world. Those other communities or states must agree with the name but after 2 rounds of commented rejects a third different democratically approved proposal is valid in any case. The name prepended to the parent's name forms a URL under which the community's administration and information can be reached.

C.02.2 Define a community's (state's) flag

The flag of a community or the entire state must be defined by the standard democratic procedure, if not obvious. It must be different from that of all other communities in the world. In the case of conflicts, the historically older flag has precedence and the newer must be changed.

C.02.3 Define a community's (state's) anthems

The anthems, maybe more than one for specific occasions or other reasons, of a community or the entire state can be defined by the standard democratic procedure.

Comments on C.02 name, flag and anthem

This is a quite pragmatic regulations set. The main purpose is to arrive at a globally unique concatenated name (URL) and flag for every community. Within two or more different contexts, the same names for communities are allowed, of course. E.g. there are two towns named 'Kirchberg' in Switzerland and this must be no issue as long as they are not directly neighbouring towns; which is not the case in our example. The anthem or anthems are optional but also very useful for the identity-creation and good spirit within a community or state or the entire world, someday.

C.03 Define the confines

C.03.1 Land-land borders - border stones

A land-land (including river) border must be marked with a "border stone" in cultivated areas and/or besides transportation areas (streets, bike/foot paths, rails, …). In non-cultivated areas (deserts, glaciers, …) this is optional. Each border stone has a height of 1 meter above soil, is 1 meter wide and 20cm deep (parameters: p_c_border_stone_height, p_c_border_stone_width and p_c_border_stone_depth). It has the name and flag of the state encarved on the side of the state. The next border stone in each direction should be visible in clear weather conditions. The "stones" can also be concrete. Practically, the stones are not on the border but at least 20cm inwards (parameter: p_c_border_stone_minimum_distance_from_border). Also, the stones must carry the geo coordinates on the top surface. Of course, each state publishes the complete set of border geo coordinates and possibly a map on its homepage www.<statename>.admin.

C.03.2 There must be no building on a border.

C.03.3 Water borders - border signals

A water (lake, sea) border needs no marking if the neighbour state is more than 5km away (parameter: p_c_minimum_water_border_distance_no_marking_required). If such a marking is required, then instead of the border stones there must be more light border signals (like traffic signals) placed with same content as the border stones. The on-water-border is the middle-line between shores that are closer than 20km (parameter: p_c_maximum_water_distance_to_other_country_with_middle_border). If farther, then the border is 10km, half of 20km, from the shore. Each island that belongs to the state has the same border regulations. Hence, a sequence of islands with distances closer than 20km that is not interrupted by islands belonging to a different state can kind of 'extend' the sea borders of a state. Of course, also these border geo coordinates are published and the numbers used are changable parameters.

C.03.4 Mobile armed air-objects approaching

For mobile armed air-objects, the limit is extended to 50km, i.e. the approach of auch an armed flying object closer than 50km to a border is an offense and can be fighted against up to the destruction of the object (parameter: p_c_minimum_flying_armed_object_distance). If an exercise with an approach closer than this minimum distance is officially announced, accepted and adhered to, then this is no problem.

C.03.5 Vertical extension

Vertically, the state's room extends down to the middle of the planet and up to the end of the atmosphere (30km, parameter).

C.03.6 Confines disputes

In the case of unresolvable, not discussable disputes on confines of our state with a neighbour state ("claim some ancient state's or nation's land" or whatever) our state must post the border stones where it thinks the border should be. In the course of this border stones setting or afterwards, there may be military action to attack/defend the border. If the border in whole or part is maintained for 5 years, the border is automatically internationally (including the other state) agreed, including all geo coordinates, of the border (whole or part) that is there for 5 years or more (parameter: p_c_years_historic_borders_expire). During these and other wartimes with another state, the free trade and persons exchange with this state may be restricted.

C.03.7 Restricted free trade and persons exchange

The nature and extent of eventual restrictions of our state against any state, e.g. one that is behaving hostile not to us but to other states, are democratically defined. If acute hostile actions against our state are ongoing, the trade and exchange are immediately and automatically fully blocked.

C.03.8 Confines usage contracts

Confines usage contracts are contracts to fly (possibly at limited hours and in geographically limited corridors) in the state's atmosphere, use waterways and or under-surface areas (for tunnels e.g.). All these usage contracts must be open to the public and be democratically accepted in the impacted regions.

C.03.9 State contracts

Except for the confines usage contracts there must be no contracts with other states.

C.03.10 Armed objects singular violations

In cases of singular violations of the confines and/or confines usage contracts by the other state (or unidentifiable) by armed objects within our state's confines, then our military/police forces must catch the violator(s), only within our state's confines. The other state's representative(s) ("president(s)") must be notified, including the violator(s) identities (as good as identfiable) and evidence of the violation act. The violator, for just this (there may be other delicts that are committed and governed by other stablestate's rules), gets at least a 1 month respect-violation delict punishment and is afterwards returned to the other state (parameter: p_c_minimum_border_violation_punishment_months). In the course of action of the catching the armed object/person can be destroyed if still within our confines.

C.03.11 Armed objects invasions - automatic war

In case of non-singular violations, an invasion is assumed. Then, our forces, army and police, must immediately defend under wartime rules. There is no (lengthy) democratic process in these cases. Such invasions must be anticipated by the forces with their anticipation techniques as good as possible, so invasions can be prevented and/or at least successfully be repelled within shortest time possible. The regulations for the army and police define the procedures.

Comments on the C.03 confines regulations

It all may look a bit archaic, however, as farback but pitifully also recent history and the present show the confines of states are still at dispute. So it is the 3rd duty, before everything else, of a state to achieve and officially publish (physically and electronically) its borders and come to the peaceful agreement with the neighbour states.

Also, putting real border stones may seem archaic. But it is very important for every person to know that he/she is leaving one area of laws where he/she is protected citizen and enters a complete different laws area where he/she is a simple visitor. And what exactly happens to visitors in that other area there is absolutely no guarantee for. Even if I just cross the border, for example, from Switzerland to Italy, and there are even 'binding' state contracts, who can assure that Italy conforms, that violations are prosecuted or who really knows what 'strange laws, rules or habits' apply there?

And putting real border marks has a great symbolic impact when states will merge: one can then celebrate the physical removal of the border stones and signs. What a great day it will be when the last border stone in this world will be removed!!

And please understand that we cannot accept any older claims or whatever that are older than 5 years for any territory. If we would allow such claims to be valid or even be looked at, then we are in big trouble because most nations, ethnicities, etc. have moved in farther or nearer history. This would, hence, lead to unsolvable problems for sure. And at the same time we know that not all current states will agree with this. But for the world to come to peace this is a must. We must be patient with those states until they recognise themselves that there is no point in fighting or threatening neigbours. And we must be vigilant enough not to allow them to takeover the world.

For contracts between states, the stable state is very restrictive. This is because trade is by default free, so there is no need for 'free trade' contracts. We generally believe in the forces of the free (but really free) market where good and innovative products shall win. Then for defense contracts, we support the merge of countries that want to have like 1 army. And with all those contracts it is always unclear what really happens on violations. In the end any violator of state-to-state contracts gets away with it - just the contract is dropped and that's all. And secret contracts are for sure not allowed in stable states.

What to do with non-owned land like parts of Antarctica or very small islands? Our belief is that every group of people may claim such land for itself and found a state, maybe even a stable state. What would not work is officially non-owned land factually belonging to a state which then leads to a military dispute when another group of people wants to enter. Then, the military active state may receive restrictions of free trade and persons exchange by some countries as per C.3.06.

What to do with non-owned sea, the 'open sea'? In principle all objects can travel the open or 'international' seas. However, there could be or should be internationally agreed large sea areas where any exploitation (fishing, minding, diving, ...) is not allowed. Until we are one world, it is quite unclear how exactly such a 'sea wild area' can be enforced. Because the stable state does not believe in rules that cannot be enforced, there currently are no such rules proposed. As soon as the entire world is 1 state, then one can think of this.


If a country does not have officially published (physically and electronically) borders in peaceful agreement with the neighbour states then this country gets 1 illegitimity-point.

If a country has only open and basic-democratically agreed contracts with other states, then this country gets 5 democracy-points.

C.04 Define time

C.04.1 Timezones

A stable state uses UTC, universal time. I.e. there are no timezones. A different timezone than UTC as the stablestate's standard time can be defined by the qualified democratic process.

C.04.2 Lunch-times, standard start/end of work and of shops being open

Each city/region defines its lunch-time UTC (e.g. 12:00 for London) in 15min. precision (parameter: p_c_precision_of_lunch_times). Standard morning work start is lunch-time - 4 hours (parameter: p_c_standard_work_start_before_lunch). Standard afternoon work start is lunch-time + 1 hour and COB is end of lunch-time + 4.5 hours which is calculated based on the standard work hours per day (parameter: p_c_standard_lunch_break). And earliest time shops can open is 1.5 hours before standard work begin and latest shop closing time is 3.5 hours after work end, standard is 0.5 hours before work start and 1.5 hours after work end (parameters: p_c_maximum_shop_opening_before_work_start, p_c_standard_shop_opening_before_work_start, p_c_maximum_shop_closing_after_work_end and p_c_standard_shop_closing_after_work_end).

Special regulation on date change during daylight: If the lunch-time is 02:00, then the work week begins Sun, 22:00 (parameter: p_c_earliest_lunch_time_with_work_week_beginning_sunday). If the lunch time is 01:45 or earlier, then the work week begins Mon, 21:45. And Saturday/Sunday/Holiday modes are defined accordingly.

C.04.3 Weeks - work days, Saturday and Sunday

Each week has first 5 work days (Mo-Fr), then the Saturday (which is not a work day for most jobs, but shops, transport, tourism, health care and emergency services are at work) and ends with the Sunday (only transport at reduced service, tourism, health care and emergency services are at work, no shops)

C.04.4 Months, weeks and holidays

Each month begins with a Monday, has 4 weeks and 0 (February/normal), 1 (February/leap year), 2 (ApriJuSeNo) or 3 (the other months) "free" days to be used for holidays outside of any week. These days have no weekday assigned, but are just called "holiday".

C.04.5 Holidays

The "free" days / holidays operate in "Sunday" mode, cf. C.04.3. There must be no other (religious or whatever) holidays in the 4 weeks of each month.

C.04.6 Work hours under contract

The standard work hours per day is 8.5 hours (parameter: p_c_standard_work_hours_per_day). The maximum work hours allowed per day are 16 (parameter: p_c_maximum_work_hours_per_day). The maximum work hours per week (any 6 days in a row, also holidays) are 80 hours (parameter: p_c_maximum_work_hours_per_week). The maximum monthly hours are 240 (parameter: p_c_maximum_work_hours_per_month). The maximum annual work hours are 2'400 (parameter: p_c_maximum_work_hours_per_year).

C.04.7 Personal holidays and sickdays under contract

6 weeks is the minimum (parameter: p_c_minimum_work_offtime_weeks). If an employee is sick or has other reasons to be absent (birth of a child, marriage, ...) this "counts as holiday". (Here, it is important to know (1) that medical treatments and medications are free up to a "lower limit" of p_f_free_medic_cost_percent_per_year, (2) long-time unfitness-for-work has other regulations in the section of persons administration that mitigate hardness for the individuals and (3) each employer may offer better conditions to its employees.)

Comments on C.04 Define time

We do not believe in making live unnecessarily complicated. And the time, timezone, holidays and whatever 'laws' in place today in the really existing countries and provinces are just giving me a nervous breakdown. The stable state proposes to simply get rid of such complexities and e.g. have a certain number of free days every end of months. Without changing the currently existing months overall.

And having 1 timezone will also make life easier. One must be careful however that infrastructure and the emergency organisations like the police and army can handle a state-wide syncronous day, month and year change.

Then, we also believe that the current work hours, days and sick days regulations are likely overly complex. If a person has real health issues, then the processes in domain 2, the persons administration, assure a fair treatment. Fair for the impaired person but also for all the still working healthy persons. In the end, a principle must be that one cannot profit from being sick. Being sick must be and remain a situation everybody wants to prevent.

The proposed regulation may be in conflict with religious festivities. But the stablestate is by definition a religion-agnostic or multi-religion construction. There must be room for all religions and also non-religious people to live in peace together even in single small basic communities. So, the festivities dates must be moved to the few end-of-month free days. No religion shall have precedence over another or have any privileges. Religion must be a private decision, privately organised and financed - there are on purpose no rules defined dealing with religion.

The idea of the stablestate is not to have different timezones but to allow each region to define its so-called standard 'lunch-time'. From this lunch-time of a region, one can then defer when shops open or close and when normal work time begins and ends. Also, there is no daylight savings regulations - we do not believe in adding such unnecessary complexity. The single time principle has the big advantages for long-distance timetables of transports and ease of time indications in general - there is no need to ask for any timezone. But it also has inconveniences, especially for those regions where the sun reaches its peak around 0.00h, i.e. the date changes in the middle of the day. We propose regulations for those and believe that it is just a matter of getting accustomed to. This will not take 2 years.

An alternative could have been to propose exactly 2 timezones - one always be 1 day ahead of the other. But then real complexities start again while our proposed solution has no timezone complexities - just things to get used to.

C.05 Structure the inner territory into communities

C.05.1 Communities

A stablestate is is organised in basic communities and higher order communities (cf. definitions of community, region, etc.).

C.05.2 Communities merging - stablestates merging

Communities, from basic up to the entire stablestate can make a merge with other communities or stablestates. The definitions of community must be fulfilled also after the merge. With entire stablestates merging, the new stablestate can contain the predecessors as sub-communities or a normal merge can be proposed. It needs the qualified democratic agreement of both (or all, there can be merges of more than 2 communities proposed) involved communities. The merge normally needs 2 state decision cycles, one to prepare and one to do the merge.

C.05.2.1 Preparing a communities merge - aligning all rules

Before a merge can happen, all rules (including experimental ones) must match 100%. Remember that rules include all meta-rules, parameters, definitions and the regulations. This can be achieved by proposing a set of changes in community 1 and another set of changes in community 2. Or, simpler, by either community 1 takeover all rules of community 2 or vice versa. This must be accepted by applying the basic democratic process and can happen in a single state decision cycle or in more than one.

C.05.2.1 Merge decision

Once all rules of the to-be-merged communities are identical, the merge decision can be taken. The name, flag and optionally anthem(s) of the merged community must be part of the proposals that must be placed in all involved communities in simultaneous state cycles. The decisions are taken with the qualified democratic process.

C.05.3 Leaving a stablestate

Each region or larger higher order community can democratically leave a stablestate. It needs the qualified majority of the community to leave. Either it then becomes an independent state or integrates into another one. The integration procedure into a foreign state is this state's business. If it is a stablestate, then it integrates communities according to C.05.4. The leave proposal can be formulated conditional that the other state accepts or unconditional, i.e. leave and integrate if the other state accepts or leave and become an independent state, otherwise.

C.05.4 Integrating a region from a foreign state.

If a region from a foreign state wants to integrate into a stablestate, then, first, it must prepare itself according to C.05.1, i.e. organise itself into communities and C.05.2.1, i.e. get the parameters identical with where it wants to be integrated. Then, it integrates as a new sub-community into the existing stablestate under the community it wants to. Then, the leave and integrate decisions must be qualified agreed in simultaneous state-cycles in the region and the target community.

C.05.5 Community split

A community can decide to split-up when all proposed parts that result after the split will fulfill the requirements for communities. The split decision is done in a special way: the votes are counted per resulting part. If such a part achieves the qualified acceptance for the split, the split of this part happens irrespective of the opinion of the rest.

C.05.6 Forced community splits and merges

The split and merge of communities are forced by the higher order community if the requirements for communities are violated for more than 6 months (parameter: p_c_month_communities_can_violate_minmax_rules). This means that communites that have become too small or too large with respect to the number of citizens within, have 6 months time to decide on their own on what to do. After the 6 months a too large basic community is split by an algorithm that divides in 2 parts in such a way that as close to 50% citizens and 50% surface will result without splitting properties. And a too small community is merged with its smallest neighbour community.

C.05.7 Switch higher order community

Any community can decide with the qualified democratic process to switch the higher order community it belongs to. The definitions of community must remain to be fulfilled.

Comments on the C.05 community structuring, splits and merges

In the end, it should not really matter from the basic community perspective where I live to which higher-order community, i.e. province, and in the end state, I belong to. And because it should not matter, we believe that it is each community's local democratic decision.

However. when it comes to "switching state", we think this should be reserved to reasonably large communities, both population and geographically-wise i.e. reserved to regions or larger communities. But then, yes, each region shall be able to decide on its own. The state from which a region wants to leave shall have no means to block this, provided the region decides in favour to leave with a qualified majority. The state into which a region wants to merge, of course, has the right not to accept this. If not accepted, then the region must decide what to do.

Being an independent state mainly depends on the peacefulness of the neighbour states and the defense capabilities of the army.

In the current Europe, the cases of Catalonia and Südtirol might be examples where we strongly support that IF a qualified majority of the citizens of that regions would want to quit, then the central states of Spain and Italy should let them go. But the decisions must be made according to rigorous democratic principles.

Within a state, we think it is important that the structuring is balanced well enough. Or in other words, a very small community and set of citizens must not have democratic powers that are a multitude of that of much larger communities. This means that we must first formulate conditions for such a well-balancedness (cf. community) and then have rules to enforce them, i.e. to automatically split overly large or merge too small communities. While in real states today, like Switzerland, such processes are highly 'improvised' and lots of arguments go back and forth, we think such things can and must be clearly regulated - and then the rules just automatically followed.

Finally, we think that whenever stablestates or 1 stablestate becomes reality, then it is easiest if world-wide only 1 stablestate exists. Country by country, region by region more communities may then join it.


If a country has a policy and reality to peacefully decide its internal structring, then this country gets 2 democracy-points.

If a country has a policy and reality to peacefully let regions quit the country, then this country gets 3 democracy-points.

C.06 Define room usage types and industries

C.06.1 Standard room usage types

The 4 standard usage types are: unowned, owned-for-housing, owned-for-industry, wild-protected, unowned-army-exercise-zone

C.06.2 Restricted housing usage types

There can be restrictions for the maximum height and also type, colouring and other features of housings. These types can be proposed and democratically accepted and also withdrawn if no longer in use.

C.06.3 Industries

Industries (e.g. starting with the NACE codes can be proposed and democratically accepted and also withdrawn if no longer in use. Industries can be arranged in multiple hierarchies, e.g. 'silent' industries but also grouped along sectors.

Comments on the C.06 room usage types

This section of the constitution regulation does not appear overly spectacular. However, it lays the foundation for many other regulations, namely the state-secured possesions (stemming from ancient Roman Law), the regulations that assure the quality of professionals by industry but also the regionalisation of industries and reducing delivery-chain single-point-of-failure risks and dependencies and, last but not least, taxation.

As so many stabilising processes depend on the room usage types, it is important that they are all democratically defined.


If a country has a defined and democratic way to define room usage types, then this country gets 3 democracy-points.

C.07 Define free trade ranges (or price-competition ranges)

Goods and services from an industry are free to trade world-wide or within a democratically decided price-competition range if defined. These ranges are defined as distances from any point (geo-coordinates) where a product is delivered to or a service is consumed to from where it stems. If it stems from outside those distances, then it must be sold at least 10% (parameter: p_c_minimum_price_difference_for_products_from_far_away) more expensive than the locally produced ones of the same industry. Note that this deliberatly ignores state borders and that these ranges must be defined per region and can differ from region to region.

Comments on C.07 free trade ranges

The limited ranges mean that each local product/service can be challenged quality-wise world-wide but not price-wise. The price battle for a producer/provider of such goods/services is hence limited to competitors within the defined range of kilometres. This results in well distributed providers and not single spots on earth where products/services of a type are provided. And also, this reduces the distances of delivery chains and enhances their stability and redundancy.

Why can they differ per region: because not all goods are equally available. For example, it makes sense to have maybe a 100km free trade range for banana production in regions where bananas grow. But it makes no sense to have such a limit for middle or northern Europe.

Also, one might require that the price difference is state income, a kind of a toll. But the stable state does not want to make the state finances unnecessarily complicated, intransparent and easily cheatable. All those attributes apply to tolls - largly a fertile ground for corruption. The stable state prevents corruption by simply eliminating corruptable processes as good as it gets. Therefore, the price difference goes to the importer that takes the risk to not be able to sell a product at such a high price.


If a country has no tolls, then this country gets 3 democray-points.

C.08 Structure the basic communities into room units

C.08.1 Define room units and their allowed usage types

Room units can be zones, plots, buildings and apartments. Within a basic community, the surface (land and water) must be segmented into zones and the zones into plots, all with published geo-coordinates. Buildings are separate room units and can be segmented into apartments, again all published with geo-coordinates. Apartments must be freely accessible and lockable. The allowed usage types, there can be more than one, are democratically defined per zone. All plots, buildings and apartments within a zone must conform or a more restrictive set of allowed usage types can be democratically defined. All changes are only possible on unbuilt surface and democratically decided. The stable state domain 4 Inner Security responsibles take measures to check the actual usage and intervene on violations.

C.08.2 Easements and charges

A room unit can have an easement, like the right to pass by foot or have pipes underground, at the charge of another room unit. Easements and charges are democratically defined before planned buildings are built.

C.08.3 Ownership change locks changes

An ownership change locks any change for 20 years (parameter: p_c_years_usage_types_remain_after_room_unit_acquisition), with the exception of C.08.4. I.e. you get what you buy and can build in due time what you have planned.

C.08.4 Room for common interest

Room of common interest can be the wild areas as required by C.08.5+6 but also room for publicly usable infrastructure. Before such infrastructure (like roads, tracks, energy or water production or transportation constructs, ...) is built, the project must be presented by the private initiators at all regions that profit from it or are impacted by it. Then, it may be adapted. Once final, it is democratically voted on in all basic communites of those regions. It may imply expropriation and maybe demolition of existing buildings against the will of the owners. The owners are then receiving equivalent (same size, equivalent location as good as possible) property at state cost - never a monetary compensation (if they do not like the new property, they can sell it).

C.08.5 Wild land areas

Within each community of order 2 or higher there must be 5% of the land left "wild" for biodiversity (parameters: p_c_maximum_community_order_without_wild_area and p_c_minimum_wild_area_percentage). Within each community that covers 70x70km land area (4'900 km2, parameter: p_c_minimum_land_area_with_large_connected_wild_area) or more, there must be a connected area (thinnest part not less than 2km, parameter: p_c_minimum_width_of_connected_wild_area) of a minimum of 30x30km (900km2, parameter: p_c_minimum_large_connected_wild_area). If an area turns from non-wild to wild, then no re-construction measures must be taken. Just leave it. The "wild" areas belong to the community. Property must be taken away to assure this but compensated with other equivalent property, analogous to C.08.4.

People can visit, at their own risk of course, such areas. The number of people, however, is limited to 10 (parameter: p_c_maximum_number_of_visitors_of_wild_area).

There cannot be any pollution risk on this area, e.g. some pipes or channels leading into it.

This is all checked by 4 Inner Security.

C.08.6 Wild lake and sea areas

50% (parameter: p_c_water_surface_percentage_wild) of all lake and sea areas must not be used for shipping nor fishing nor any form of trespassing. These are defined (GeoCoordinates) democratically. The stable state domain 4 Inner Security responsibles take measures (GPS senders on ships) to check this and intervene on violations.

C.08.7 Airplane free areas

90% (parameter: p_c_sky_percentage_wild) of all areas must not be used for flying over. These are defined (GeoCoordinates) democratically. The stable state domain 6 Exterior Security responsibles take measures (e.g. with GPS senders on airplanes) to check this and intervene on violations.

Comments on C.08 room units

The regulations are maybe not as detailed as one might expect. But the content seems obvious: we believe in a democratically managed zones planning that leads to nice and habitable villages, cities and towns. All zones geo-coordinates are public - no secret castles for kings or oligarchs. The more detailed are also public, if one can prove direct impact or public interest.

Then, it is important that we keep minimal connected areas completely to nature. Our planet cannot bare overpopulation by human beings and the implied pollution. Also, look what we propose under 2 persons administration (some might be offended, for sure). Note that these areas are not like most of today's national parks. Instead, we think they should really only be very marginally visited, especially no 'visitor centres' or the like are allowed; neither there are roads or any other form of human made infrastructure (in tunnels well underground, it's fine).

When you buy a house, then you want to use it as sold. The stablestate guarantees this with 2 limitations: one is defined by a parameter and the other can 'destroy' your plans even earlier, when a project of common interest gets accepted that uses your property. In that latter case, however, the statblestate must provide you with an equivalent new property and also pay for the moving costs. Equivalent as good as it gets - so at least the m2 and m3 must be at least the same. When it comes to exact location of the new property, this can never be exactly what you had to leave.


If a country has democratically defined zones with allowed usages and all published and all enforced, then this country gets 10 democracy-points.

If a country has large connected wild areas enforced, then this country gets 5 ecology-points.

C.09 Community assemblies and decision making in state-cycles

C.09.1 Basic communities assemblies

The basic communities assemble physically on the 4th Saturday of each month. Hence, the state-cycle is the month. All decisions are taken that concern the basic community's citizens. The location where it takes place is called the assembly place. It must be large enough for 6 times all citizens of the basic community to find room to stand - not sit. 3 times the number of citizens in the center for decision making and 3 times the number of citizens for observers around. It is in the open but can be covered with a removable roof. It is the only room unit owned by the basic community. And it can be used for other purposes at free times. The 7 state representatives must care together for the assembly place being in shape. This is part of their duties and salary; they do not get extra money if parts need to be replaced or if they hire personnel to maw the lawn, for example.

In extraordinary situations, the assemblies can be held virtually.

Each citizen that has a family, i.e. represents other human beings, must bring each of the family members at least 2 times a year to the assembly in the inner place where the decisions are made. In the case of too few space, then the accompanying human beings get priority that were longest not seen.

C.09.2 Higher-order communities assemblies

The higher order communities, which are represented by the elected state representatives, assemble 2 times per month on work days with 2 weeks in between. The day of week of the first of the 2 assemblies is derived from the community's cardinality (1 = 1st Monday, 2 = 1st Tuesday, 6 = 2nd Monday, ... 10 = 2nd Friday). They take place at the assembly places of the basic communities where the representatives come from - in sequential order of the domains, i.e. first at the president's assembly place, then the secretary's, ...

C.09.3 The president calls

The president calls for and leads those assemblies. Based on the number of decisions to be taken, the start time is set and an end time forecasted. All decisions must be taken. All assemblies are recorded and the records kept for at least 5 years (parameter: p_c_minimum_assembly_records_keeping_duration). The records are public.

C.09.4 Votes in general

Decisions to be taken on requests to change something are called votes. Votes are public and prior to voting, the relevant final facts and forecasts as well as at least 1 pro and maybe some contra positions must be presented at least 1 state-cycle before the vote takes place (parameter: p_c_minimum_state_cycles_for_facts_before_a_vote). The facts are developed and published under the governance of the domain 3 Science, Culture and Sports, and must be explicitly accepted by all citizens that want to participate in the vote. If there are no pro positions, the vote cannot happen, i.e. the current state remains as is. If there is at least one and only pro positions presented, the decision is 100% Yes without democratic process.

C.09.5 Votes on parameters

On parameter value change decisions the decided parameter change is

new-value = old-value + ((proposed new-value - old-value) * min(1, ((Yes-percentage - 10% (parameter: p_c_minimum_yes_vote_percentage)) / (90% (parameter: parameter: p_c_minimum_yes_vote_percentage_for_full_parameter_change_accept) - 10%)))

C.09.6 Basic democratic decisions

For basic democratic decisions, a 50% plus 10% (parameter: p_c_percentage_over_50_percent_for_basic_accept) = 60% majority for changing something must be reached.

C.09.7 Qualified democratic decisions

For qualified democratic decisions, a 60% plus 7% (parameter: p_c_percentage_over_60_percent_for_qualified_accept) = 67% majority for changing something must be reached.

C.09.8 Severely failed votes

Proposals to change something must be serious, well prepared and address a real issue. Also, they consume time and capacity of all citizens. Hence, there are a few formal requirements to be fulfilled as per C.09.4. to prevent hopeless and senseless proposals making it to the vote. However, we want not to be restrictive on who can bring such requests up. Also few and rather silent people can have very good ideas.

In order to still introduce another barrier preventing hopeless and stubbornly pushed proposals to be voted on, we define a vote that has not reached 10% Yes as severely failed (parameter: p_c_minimum_yes_vote_percentage). And if a vote severely fails, the proposer must pay 2 BME to the community (parameter: p_c_severly_failed_vote_fine).

C.09.9 Elections

Elections are treated in C.10 and they must be made at the first assembly and every 4 (parameter) years after. Note that necessary replacements in the course of the 4 years term do not require a new election because the replacements are pre-defined at election time.

C.09.10 First assembly special regulations

Before the first assemblies, one must prepare the decisions of C.01-08 (name, languages, confines, inner structure, ...) and the complete stablestate's ruleset. Likely the structures of a predecessor state can be largely taken over. The first thing to happen then, is the election of the community representatives. This election is led by the eldest married couple in the basic community and the citizens are defined as per regulations of domain 2, Persons Administration. Afterwards, the elected presidents couple takes over the remaining decisions of the first assembly.

Comments on C.09 assemblies in state-cycles

We believe in physical meetings for discussing and deciding on issues of common interest. And it is each citizens duty and also means of identification with the community to participate at those assemblies. It may seem like a lot of effort but once used to these meetings they will run smoothly, be a welcome occasion to see and speak the neighbours and, maybe, turn into a small community party after the official part is over. Also, we think that it is important that family members (children) also get accustomed to go there - it is also a means of the stablestate that no children, or other family members, are completly hidden from the community.

Decisions must be transparent and be made by educated and strong citizens that are able to make independent decisions. Therefore, all votes and also the elections are open. Opinions must never be commented - and those having a different opinion still estimated. Disparaging comments are punished as violations of the law of respect.

Actually, an opinion is just a weighting of the pros and contras of a decision to be made. And everybody has the right to do a different weighting.

Having an opinion is a completely different thing than ignoring facts or even making untrue statements. This is made impossible by the regulations of the stable state. First, each proven fact --proven by the means of the domain 3, Science, Culture and Sports, which assures the correctness by scientific processes-- must be explicity acknowledged by the citizens. Second, if untrue statements are made, these are punished as violations of the law of truth. And as long as the decisions in which contexts disparaging comments or untrue statements were made are still not made, the punished citizens are exempt from all decision making processes as per the regulation of domain 5, Justice.

The stablestate does not bear liars or even simple tellers of untrue garbage even if in good faith. It sends them to at least 1 month of prison and if they are state representatives this might be the end of their 'carreer'.

Whenever parameters are proposed to be changed (like rising some tax percentage from 7% to 10%), then, first, this is not a decision of some state representatives but of all citizens. Then we believe in non-binary decision when numbers are involved. To give an example: when a curent tax percentage is 7% and the proposal is to raise it to 10%, then if 50% Yes is achieved, this tax percentage is set to 8.5%. The formula is

new-value = old-value + ((proposed new-value - old-value) * min(1, ((Yes-percentage - 10% (parameter)) / 80% (parameter)))

new-value = 7% + ((10% - 7%) * min(1, (50% - 10%) / 80%) * 100%) = 7% + (3%) * min(1, 40% / 80%) * 100% = 7% + 3% * min (1, 0.5) = 7% + 3% * 0.5 = 7% + 1.5% = 8.5%

When 90% or more Yes are achieved, the formula yields the full proposed new-value. When 10% or less Yes are achieved the old-value remains, i.e. new-value = old-value.

And a side-remark: The stablestate requires a bit of math to be understood. The domain 2, Science/Culture/Sports, enforces for all inhabitants that want to become citizens to be educated and this education verified in a way that they can read and understand the rules.


If a country has full direct democratic rights for all citizens to decide on content, then this country gets 10 democracy-points.

If a country has restricted direct democratic rights for all citizens to decide on content, then this country gets 5 democracy-points.

C.10 Elections of the community representatives

C.10.1 Married couples as representatives

The elections of the 7 representatives couples (1 head of constitution (the president), 2 head of persons management (the secretary), 3 head of culture, sports and science (the educator), 4 head of inner security (the sherrif), 5 head of justice (the judge), 6 head of exterior security (the soldier), 7 head of finances (the cashier)) of a community are conducted at an election assembly. Once elected, the couples can share their duties. If one does the job, it's fine.

C.10.2 Candidatures

The candidates are marriages, i.e. the state representatives are couples of 1 male/1 female, normally and hence, no discussions about male/female quota. There are voluntary candidates and always the 7 eldest marriages (by date of marriage) as the default backup candidates. Each candidate marriage must provide an ordered list of at least 3 replacing candidate marriages = the political friends aka "party" (parameter: p_c_minimum_number_of_replacing_candidatures).

C.10.3 Elections in basic communities

Each citizen votes for 7 different marriages in ranks 1, 2, 3 .. 7 (invalid votes are filled-up with the eldest marriages). Actually, there must be 100% of the citizens present at an election assembly - apart from the excused health or catastrophies based absences. An election assembly is the first community constituting assembly and every 4 years (parameter: p_c_years_of_representatives_duty) henceforth.

C.10.4 Voting Points

Each marriage voted for gets

343 points          for rank 1
49 points            for rank 2
7 points              for rank 3
1 point                for rank 4
1/7 points           for rank 5
1/49 points         for rank 6
1/343 points       for rank 7

and hence each marriage gets its total of points and is ranked accordingly. On equal points, the ranking is made on the couples summed ages in days. Then, the first 7 get elected in the order, e.g. rank 1 becomes president, rank 2 becomes secretary, etc. Positions 8 etc. are recorded as proxy ranks. There is no possibility for a marriage to resign on free will during the 4 years period. But elected couples still may get out of service (e.g. by election-up in a higher order community or other severe reasons, like health issues). The nominated replacing couples then automatically get into the position. And if there are no more, the proxy ranked couples automatically take the position and after that the couples in the community ranked by their added age.

This election goes in rounds: the assembly place is divided into 2 zones. All citizens go in one of the zones. Then the rank 1 is assigned in round 1 by calling each couple and every citizen that moves to the other zone is counted as giving his rank points to this couple. The round ends when all citizens are in the other zone or all candidate couples have been called. And so forth with ranks 2-7, in each round each couple is called again until all citizens are in the other zone.

C.10.5 Election in higher-order communities

For higher-order communities/assuring sub-communities representation the state representatives of all sub-communities form the voting body and candidatures pool. The candidaturing (new replacing lists are setup also) and voting is analogous to the procedure in the basic community. Except: when a candidature marriage would be elected but the sub-community it comes from is already represented (or double represented if all already are), then the next couple from the replacment list from a not yet represented sub-community is assigned. If this is not possible, the next candidating couple or even non-candidating couple (ranked by age) is automatically chosen for the rank that comes from a not yet represented sub-community.

The end result is always 7 representatives from as different sub-communities as possible.

C.10.6 Replacements

For re-assignmens that become necessary during the term of office, the original voting and candidatures are re-evaluated and the next fitting candidate after the resignee marriage is automatically assigned. Replacements become necessary when couples are elected upwards into a higher-order community representation, on serious health issues, on divorce (de-coupling) or when they do not act according to the rules.

C.10.7 Non-conformance of representatives

If representatives do not act in conformance with the rules, including delaying actions, then this is counted. On the 3rd non-conformance, they are immediately and automatically replaced. The non-conformance must be revealed by all the impacted citizens. They are treated according to the rules of domain 5, Justice with the accused representative couple standing down.

C.10.8 Representative's salaries (no fringes, no expenses, no extras)

basic community := 2 x BME (basic monthly expenses), parameter: p_c_basic_community_representative_monthly_salary

others := BME * (2 + 1.5n) // n = the order above the basic community, e.g. 1 for the first level higher-order community, parameter: p_c_community_order_dependent_representative_monthly_salary_increase

With this salary everything is paid for the couple. They are allowed to take other jobs (maybe parttime) but must do all the tasks within the given delays (cf. C.10.7). Also if a representative employs support people or buys tools, the couple must pay all this from this salary.

Comments on C.10 elections

State or community representatives of a stablestate are mere workers. They must obey and execute the rules that are made for all. They do not have any budget authority, payments and salaries are all regulated and transparent. This is one of the major means of the stablestate against corruption.

Also, the stablestate only owns the assembly places, administration tools (like the community/state admin software and hardware and paper forms for cases when the software is down) and police and army equipment. All other infrastructure like streets, railways, hospitals, schools, etc. is privately owned. This is another major instrument against corruption.

The services provided by such infrastructure organisations have defined standards of quality (cf. domains, 3, Science/Culture/Sports and 7, Finances). If they do not comply, then fines are imposed. Also, situations of monopolies are handled with the tax system - a single person owning too much pays taxes so high that he/she must share the ownership with others. This is why the privatisation of infrastructure works and the anti-corruption measures work.

It may seem unfair to the representatives that they can 'loose their job' after 4 years. But we think that it is important for everybody to first learn a profession, be able to perform well in this profession and get a job or be self-employed and a company owner. Before applying and getting electede as representative. So, if you are no longer elected, then you'll find a job.


If a country has verifiable open democratic elections for all citizens, then this country gets 5 democracy-points.

If a country has their officials representing also minorities (down to ca. 15%) in the executives and also all regions, then this country gets 5 democracy-points.

C.11 The democratic decision making process

Decisions are needed when rules, which include the regulations, parameter values and definitions (=glossary entries), are proposed to be changed, deleted or newly introduced. Also, decisions are needed in the context of regulations that offer to propose/change things, like the language of a basic community in C.01.1-3, electing a community's artist/scientist/athlete in SCS.03 or escalations of jurisdictions in J.03.

The first decision is always made in the basic community. Then, there are certain types of decisions, if positively decided, that need also the positive decision on 1 or more higher level communities. And jurisdictions receive a very special escalation mechanism described in J.05.

C.11.1 Proposal

Each citizen can propose a decision in his/her basic community. The proposal can also be a package of more than 1 elementary decision. The proposal must have a title, a rationale (why change), the proposed changes, current relevant facts and the forecasted impacts in the categories of (a) content, (b) costs (for the state, individuals, companies) in- or decreases, (c) timeline for at least the next 10 years per year and the next 100 years per decade (parameters: p_c_yearly_forecast_period and p_c_decade_forecast_period). The assembly on which the proposal is handed-in, is called the start-assembly. At the start-assembly the proposal is presented. The presentation must not be interrupted and there is no discussion.

The proposal must always be a Yes/No decision where Yes means 'something will change' and No means 'no change'.

Note that in order to speed things up, citizens in many basic communities can organise themselves and submit the same decision in more than one basic community at the same time.

C.11.1.a Experimental proposal

If a proposal is designed for experimental use it must be declared so. It means that the change, if accepted, comes into effect for 5 years (parameter) only in a region (or any higher-order communities, but not the entire state). If there are conflicts with the original rules, e.g. the abolition of the army is proposed, but there are 'army-processes' that rely on having an army everywhere, then the proposal must also include adapter rules that allow the experiment to take place in accordance with current state rules.

C.11.1.b Urgent proposal

A proposal can be declared as urgent. Then, immediately after presentation a vote on the urgency takes place. And if a qualified yes is achieved, then immediately the discussion, refinement and vote take place as per SC.09.2-4.

Comment: A well-organised state-wide urgent proposal can be accepted and come into effect within 1 state-cycle (which is normally 4 weeks): if in state-cycle x it is accepted by 60% or more of the basic communities, and then accepted upwards within the same state-cycle's weeks, so coming into effect at or before the last work day of state-cycle x+1. So, in the next state-cycle's basic communities assemblies the changes, e.g. changed rules, must already be followed.

C.11.2 Discussion

At the start-assembly of the next state-cycle, all citizens, incl. the proposer, may comment on the proposal and propose changes to all its parts (title, rationale, changes, facts, forecasted impacts - each is considered a part). 2 minutes (parameter: p_c_maximum_minutes_per_commenter_and_part) per commenter and part strict time limit. The proposer may reply to each comment maximum 1 minute (parameter: p_c_maximum_minutes_per_reply_on_comment) strict time limit. The same comment/change proposal may only be made once. If still done, the commenter must pay 1 x BME to the community (parameter: p_c_same_proposal_submitted_fine). Decision by the president; can be challenged.

C.11.3 Refinement

At the start-assembly of the overnext state-cycle, the proposer, may present a changed (refined) version or withdraw the proposal or let it proceed to the vote unchanged.

C.11.4 Vote in a basic community

At the start-assembly of the yet next state-cycle, the basic community votes on if to accept the proposal for (1) using the change as 'experimental rule change' within the basic community or (2) just propose it to the higher-order community to vote on. When (1) is accepted, then also (2) applies . Acceptance of changes on rules in the narrow sense, definitions and new parameters require a qualified yes, parameter value changes follow the capped-proportional-change definition. The 'experimental rule change' is not in place until the region/quarter decision is also positive for 'experimental rule change'.

C.11.5 Acceptance upwards

At the next higher-order community assembly, the sub-community representative must present the accepted proposal.

IF this same proposal has already passed the C.09.4 or C.09.5 in all sub-communities, then the higher-order community result is (1) 'experimental change' when 60% (parameter: p_c_minimum_percentage_of_subcommunities_accept) or more of the sub-communities voted Yes for this. If the community-level of an accepted experimental change is at least region/suburb/quarter/city then it is definitely accepted (also if eventually rejected at a yet higher level). If an experimental change shall still be promoted one more level up or the change is not experimental and accepted (also with 60%) then it is put into the acceptance yet one higher-order community upwards. If not reaching the 60% then the proposal is rejected.

A parameter value change is capped-proportional-changed including all the votes of the basic communities.

ELSE, it is proposed/presented in the not yet processed sub-communities at their next assemblies, the dicussion/refinement is skipped, and then voted at a yet overnext assembly. Then, the higher-order community result is evaluated at the next higher-order community assembly.

Note: This process that goes down not yet processed sub-communities loses 3 decision cycles, at least. More cycles can be lost if this is to be repeated at yet higher community levels.

C.11.6 Rollback on region/quarter reject

If a proposal does not get accepted with the acceptance upwards process at the higher-order community which fulfills the region/quarter definition, then the acceptance is reverted in all lower-level communities.

C.11.7 Publish experimental rules

Each region/quarter (or higher) community must mark at its confines passages (roads, paths, railway-stations, ...) with a red e that there are experimental rules in place. Visitors then must inform themselves about those. They can do so in the Truthnet or at any state representative.

C.11.8 Experimental phase

During the experimental phase which is always exactly 5 years (parameter: p_c_experimental_phase_duration), of course, also the experimental rules may be changed (optimised) again or reverted. Which is again the same process but only up until the level of community that has highest-most accepted the experiment. If changed experimental rules come to effect, the duration of 5 years starts again at 0.

C.11.9 End of experimental phase

The effects of the experiment are documented. An experimental phase can be democratically ended before the 5 years have passed (cf. C.10.6, decision to revert). Then, the 'overruled' current state rules come back into effect. If the 5 years are reached, then there is a repeated acceptance upwards voting that can use the effective impacts (now facts) of 5 years experience, instead of just forecasted impacts as a decision basis. The result of this can be: (a) it is state accepted: cf. C.10.10, (b) no further higher-order community accepts the proposal: then, the 'overruled' current state rules come back into effect. (c) at least one further higher-order community accepts the proposal for experimentation: then another 5 year experimental phase starts at this extended region (including the region that did the experiment before) according to C.10.8.

C.11.10 State acceptance

If the acceptance upwards process C.11.5 reaches the state and is accepted there, then the changed/new rules replace/enhance/delete the previous rules state-wide. There is no distiction between experiment and vote mode at this level anymore.

Comments on C.11 democratic process

We believe that each citizen has the right to propose changes. The 'swarm intelligence' of all citizens is much smarter than that of politicians, as the decision proposers and makers are called today. Essentially, the stablestate gets rid of the cast of politicians - everybody is one. And because this is the case, the term politician does not make sense anymore. Halleluja!

Then science based facts and forecasts must be the basis and prerequisite to all changes. No 'out-of-the-belly' proposals, no 'hip-shots', no 'the one who shouts the loudest' nor 'has most followers' get the go.

And because forecasts always have uncertainties, we foresee pilot changes or the so-called 'experimental' changes. Like Finland tried the conditionless basic income for a subset of its population. (Well, they constructed it flawed, and in the end the results were not convincing, but this is not the issue here). If at least a region decides to conduct an experiment, then this is much better than theoretical forecasts. We do not think that mini-experiments just in a single basic community make sense. In any case: if the experiment turns out a complete desaster, then it can be quickly terminated by a democratic decision (of course).


If a country has means to propose changes for all citizens, then this country gets 5 democracy-points.

C.12 Embassies/ambassadors management

C.12.1 Embassies

Embassies per foreign state are nominated buildings. There can be only a maximum of 1 building per state (parameter: p_c_maximum_embassy_buildings_per_foreign_state). No arms are allowed.

What embassies do: Give shelter to visitors from that state. Organise and pay for repatriation. Submit official messages from and to that state (regarding the confines/conflicts, invite for a state visit (both directions), messages about visitors, about an eventual merge or split/merge).

C.12.2 Ambassadors

Ambassadors are accredited persons, maximum 2 (parameter: p_c_maximum_ambassadors_per_foreign_state) per foreign state, i.e. we also support a couple representing a state. Additionally, there can be a maximum of 10 (parameter: p_c_maximum_additional_embassy_employees_per_foreign_state) more nominated embassy employees.

Note: we do not want to overdo it. There is not much work for ambassadors/embassies these days.

C.12.3 Protection

There must be no police or army intervention within the embassy buildings when only people from that foreign state are in the building. If another person is inside then the police or army can enter the building (using force if need be) and get that person out; nothing else.

Outside the embassy buildings ambassadors and embassy employees must obey the laws and rules and can be arrested on violations. In severe cases, those people are sent into their homestate and loose the accreditation for a lifetime.

Comments on C.12 embassies/ambassadors

We do not think that embassies have a lot of meaning anymore. But as long as the earth is not 1 state, they make sense to act as an official communication channel to foreign states.

C.13 State visits

C.13.1 We visit others

Any 3 state representatives, i.e. the representatives at the top level community, can decide to visit another state. (However, the stable state cannot make any contracts with other states)

C.13.2 Others visit us

If other state's representatives come to visit, they are welcomed and hosted by 3 state representatives, not couples, here: single persons (parameter: p_c_minimum_representatives_present_at_state_visits). If a president comes to visit, also one person of the state's president couple is among the 3.

Note: there is not much need for such visits. Maybe with the direct neighbour states to discuss/sign the confines usages contracts or otherwise discuss actions at the borders. And with other Stable States one can discuss a merge.

Comments on C.13 state visits

We must have some means to officially welcome foreign state representatives. And to be able to make an official state visit abroad. Things can be discussed and prepared. But in our stablestate, all decisions, also on state contracts, are made by the entire population not single persons nor couples or a limited set of representatives. In the end, if signatures are required, then the president couple MUST sign with the addition 'on behalf of the population of state XY'.

Events that must be handled by the presidents couple

E.C.0 Create a new stable state. This must be a well prepared step of a likely already existing state or region. One must previously pre-decide on the confines, languages, the name, rules, representatives, etc. so that at some point in time it can democratically be decided and founded with qualified majority.

E.C.1 Change an official language of a basic community

E.C.2 Change the world language

E.C.3 Change the name

E.C.4 Change the flag

E.C.5 Change the anthem(s)

E.C.6 Change confines. Actually, this must not happen with stable states. Instead, the stable state supports peaceful and democratically decided splits or merges. It can happen when a stable state is attacked and cannot successfully defend its entire confines. When the stable state decides to stop its defensive military actions and accept modified confines, then this event can happen.

E.C.7 Start defensive military actions. This automatically happens when a stable state is attacked. The stable state then tries with all its forces to maintain its defined confines and get back to peaceful times. Cf also the regulations of domain 6, Army.

E.C.8 Merge with another community or state.

E.C.9 Split a community or state (e.g. a region leaves)

E.C.10 Elect a community's representatives

E.C.11 Change rules

E.C.12 Change the price-battle range for an industry

E.C.13 Change the 'wild area' percentage - enforce wild area conversion of farming or built land.

E.C.14 Define an embassy building

E.C.15 Accredit (discredit) an ambassador

E.C.16 Negotiate/change a confines usage contract with a neighbour state

E.C.17 Do or receive a state's visit