State finances and money are, unfortunately, quite misunderstood by lots of people. Which is understandable, because what the state, the community, can and must do is fundamentally different from what a single human being or company does with money. Especially, the community must decide about and have full control over money creation and destruction. If this gets out of hand, and with the current (2021) ways the monetary systems are working it IS out of hand, periodic financial crisis and financial abuse by few are the fatal consequences.Essentially, it is important to understand that every domcratically state-decided action is easily financed. It is just to be decided if and how much new money is created or existing money deleted and how much do tax-payers have to contribute. This decision is also democratically made. Important to know is that the stable-state works at a monthly periodic pace which is also true for calculating (summing up) the agreed monthly state expenses and then deriving the required monthly tax sum. The formula state-wide is
TS = ES - ΔMV := State-Taxes due for monthIf someone is missing the 'State debt' term here, then be assured that it does not really exist. If you think about the term and idea of 'State debts' til the end, you find it is money the state, i.e. the tax-payers or by money printing, sooner or later will redeem anyway. So, there is no point in delaying the decision. The formula for an individual citizen (family-head) is
ES := State-expenses due for month - community decidedΔMV := Delta-moneyvolume, a positive number means the new money 'printed' (actually just virtually created) - community decided
Ti = TS * PWi / Σi in StatePWi := Taxes due for month for an individual citizen/family head iSo, the State-Taxes are simply distributed proportionally onto all citizens that are family-heads according to the resulting-possessions-weight. And the resulting possessions weight is progressively (quadratic) calculated but 'tempered' by the number of human beings a family-head represents (normally his/her spouse and children but also, possibly, not-yet-citizens-permanent-visitors).
PWi = (pwi / #hbi)2 * QTS * #hbi + pwi * LTS + CTS * #hbi := the resulting possessions weight per month for an individual citizen/family head i
pwi := the total of single possessions-weights of all possessions of the individual i (owned as family-head)
- hbi := the number of human beings in a family
QTS := the quadratic tax coefficient of the state (community decided), it reflects on how severe the richer (more possessions owning) citiziens pay on top compared to the less rich
LTS := the linear tax coefficient of the state (community decided)
CTS := the constant tax coefficient of the state (community decided), it reflects what every human being independent of possessions has to payΣi in StatePWi := the sum of all resulting possessions weights of all citizens/family-heads in the state
For juristical persons (companies), there is also a Product-waste-disposal-upfront-fee charged each month. Note that this is not a tax but a fee to finance the waste disposal (done by domain 4, the police) and be able to promote waste-avoiding products and product packings.
On the opposite side of state money flow, an unconditional monthly per capita income is paid as well as a per day income if working for the state. The state representatives guarantee to offer supporting jobs for every grown-up citizen. Also, the state pays pensions for the retired and disabled. The state also implements a generic assurance mechanism, e.g. if your house is destroyed by fire or natural disaster, then the reconstruction is paid by the community, same for medical treatment, etc.
What the Finance department owns: nothing
- One single, non-cheatable tax system of possessions taxation. Non-cheatable means: if a possession is not registered and no taxes paid for, then it is also not protected by the state.
- Taxes automatically adapt to the democratically decided state expenses - no 'State debts' are made. If the community decides to 'have the state do something extraordinary', then this has an immediate and non-negotiable effect on the taxes to be paid next month.
- The state has the money and free payment monopoly - physically and virtually. Each person has its state money account - physically and virtually.
- Taxes are simply deducted from the state money account of each individual.
- The possessions weights per possession type (room cube meters for living or per industry and per money value of contracts) are community decided.
- The products waste disposal fees per unit (industry and product waste type) are community defined.
- An unconditional income and conditional income is paid to non-retired citizens (family heads).
- Retired and permanently disabled citizens receive the per capita pension.
- Accidents rescueing, catastrophies and fire fighting as well as life-saving, accidents-healing medical treatment is fully state-financed to the service provider.
- A generic assurance is implemented for all kinds of individual accidents (personal and/or possessions like houses), however, the aggrieved can be retrocessed when behaving against statistically proven recommendations (e.g. smokers pay more on their own if treated against lung cancer, house owners pay more if building in a known flood risk zone, etc.).