The persons administration of a state and the communities registers the persons, both human beings and juristic persons (e.g. companies) and is headed by the secretary couple.
The rules and tasks begin with registering the newborns and managing people's major life status from childhood, being in education, becoming full citizen, maybe getting married (maybe divorced), get superannuated and finally the death.
Then, there are visitors rules and tasks that deal with foreigners travelling through, the so-called visitors, and eventually wanting to stay, working or not working. Also, there are persons dynamics rules and tasks that regulate moving in and out of a community, absences, sickness/accident-caused leaves, unemployment, helplessness and disappearances.
Finally, juristic persons, i.e. companies and associations, are registered as well as their owners.
Developed and quality/security-checked by the 'wizards' (cf. domain 3), the secretary couple ensures the electronic and physical infrastructure to identify/authorise natural and juristical persons/representatives, to search for them as well as for services/products and to communicate. The non-readability by non-authoriseds and persistence of all information is guaranteed. Note that this is used by other domains also for their tasks, like contracting or payments.
What the Secretary owns: identification and communication infrastructure, highly secure but not as protected as the police and army infrastructure.
- A clear definition of human beings (natural persons) and physical as well as electronic ID issueing and checking.
- All are treated with the same clear scheme - no privileged people (e.g. no kings, no nobles).
- Enforce education to become full citizen and ensure a violence-free childhood.
- Support human beings with permanent reduced abilities (health issues, etc.), the so-called helpless.
- Prevent over-population.
- Prevent refugee streams.
- A clear and simplified definition of companies and associations (juristical persons)
- Possessions of juristical persons are distributed proportionally onto the owning human beings, hence (cf. taxation rules), no need for company taxes.
- Foundation of a juristical person is free - but must register products and services latest after 2 years.
- Products and services registration per company - must deliver - product and services ratings - products and services search engine (directory) - products waste disposal fees upfront charging (cf. domain 7 finances)
- No official information exchange with foreign countries. (This may look like a lowlight - but we consider it a highlight, because it enforces a clear separation of concerns: our state cares for itself - other states shall care for their own. If 2 states want to go together they shall merge; with 'Stable States' this is an easy and well-defined process, cf. regulation C.05.2 in the Constitution domain.)
P.01 Register pregnancy
P.01.1 Register a pregnancy
An unborn human being is registered. I.e. a pregnancy by a female is officially declared. The father is also registered, mostly, not always. ==> from then on, this child is (or these children are) protected. It is not necessary that the number of unborn children are known.
P.01.2 The woman's decision
It is a controversially percieved topic WHEN a human being begins to exist and the protection by the communitiy starts. The stable state says that it is the woman's decision until the pregnancy becomes visible (and is tested positively by an independent physician in case the woman challenges this). When the pregnancy becomes visible, then the secretary must register it.
An abortion before this registry is a woman's or couple's private decision and shall be done with all due medical care. An abortion after this registry is only allowed when severe medical indications are given. In all cases, the death of unborn after the registry must treated as per PM.06, hence, it can be a natural death or not.
P.01.4 Medical help to get pregnant
All woman's pregnancies are allowed, i.e. pregnancies established with a bit or very much (e.g. in vitro for some first moments) medical help.
P.01.5 No ex-copore created human beings
More than 5% (parameter) of the 9 month normal pregnancy timespan, extra-human/woman, human being creation 'techniques' are not allowed. If revealed, the created human beings must remain 'helpless' as per P.12 for their entire life and the creators, if caught, are considered to have violated the law of peace as per aspect P.2 (free passage) against their created human beings and get punished accordingly.
Comments on P.01 register pregnancy
Be assured that most couples look very much foward to having a baby and no woman wants an abortion. So, it shall never be forbidden for non-scientific reasons. Yes, unborn life shall be protected - but when a woman, in the very early stages of pregnancy, decides not to have the baby or there are medical reasons indicating it, then the life of an unborn human being has lower priority than that of the carrying woman or her will.
The people advocating that abortion is quivalent to killing are mostly the same that would think that a father is allowed to punish his child as far as severe injuries incur or even death happens if it does not obey. Killing ok, if the father, holy head of the family and family honor, does it - killing not ok, when the mother does it. The stablestate strictly goes the scientific and also gender-agnostic way. There are no such things as holy or divine orders.
P.02 Register a newborn
P.02.1 Register a newborn human being
A perfect event in most cases. The first name(s), last name(s), biological gender, mother and, mostly, father are registered and a unique ID (URL) issued.
If the stablestate is in an overpopulation mode, then the parent must have a child license. If not, they are fined, as long as the child does not get an unused child license, with a 20% (parameter) BME contribution every month and the child is given to adoption according to P.13.
There can be cases where the fathership is a 'problem' and challenged. The mother can name 1 candidate father and he can accept or not. If not, a DNA medical test is conducted (maybe with 1 or 2 independent double checks if requested). If the candidate father does not agree with doing the test, this automatically means he accepts the fathership. If the test is done and reveals the father, then he is registered. Else, the child just has a mother. The mother cannot name a 2nd or even more other candidates. In summary: the father of a child is optional to know.
P.02.3 No mother known
Rarely, newborns are just deposited somewhere (ideally at some hospital's box) and found. Then, this is treated with the 'helpless' rules as per P.13 if the child lives. If it is found dead, we must treat it as per P.06.
Comments on P.02 register a newborn
The birth of a child shall be a welcome and positive event. The stablestate issues an ID and the newborn shall receive all protection of the community and become a full citizen in the end.
However, we think it becomes obvious, that we cannot allow humanity to multiply without contraints on this big but also small earth. The bible's word 'be fruitful and multiply ...' is outdated in this unconditional form. The resources are limited and all the land needed for the plants, animals, transport, mining and energy production to feed and support so many human beings is not available ad libitum. Neither its use is always sustainable and depending on the nature of usage it takes 10, 100, 1'000 or even more years to recover - and some of nature's ressources get destroyed for ever.
Therefore, the stablestate introduces the overpopulation mode (cf. P.04.7). Note that its parameters are democratically decided. But when it is there, then not all possible parents are allowed to have a child (or more children than they already have). And if they still have one, they are fined rather severely per non-allowed child. Also, they are not allowed to have this child - it goes to forced helplessness.
To many these regulation seem harsh, inhuman and not necessary. Others say that there will be deseases, natural catastrophies, famines and wars that will reduce the population. We think that the latter is harsh, inhuman and not necessary. Instead, the rational and wise people shall define regulations that limit the overall population before catastrophies must happen. The proposed ones can be changed, for sure - but it is good to have them.
P.03 Manage childhood (education) until full citizenship
Introduction: This is an extremely important phase of a human being and either shapes trueful, respectful and peaceful people or not. Each human being must receive proper education but also the certainty that applying knowledge and skills, being a honest professional when grown up, is more rewarding than steal others property using violence to force others doing whatever, be corrupt or become member of a mafia organisation.
P.03.1 Ready for schooling
This is the first test conducted under the management of persons administration according to the newest tests developed by domain 3, science, culture and sports. The main requirement is that the child can speak and understand at least one of the languages. The parents (or single parent) registers 2 state-cycles before the test, then the test is conducted and at the basic community assembly the child is brought along, says something small for half a minute, and is then officially acclaimed as a school child. If a child can speak and is at least 7 years old, then when it is present at the assembly (which must be the case 2 times a year, according to C.09.01), it can also register itself. In this case, the secretary conducts a short interview with the child of some 1 minute to make sure, the child is really ready for school.
P.03.2 Basic school: early school tests - become candidate citizen
Whenever a child started school (this needs not be synchronized with all children, but likely it will be easier to do so), after each 14 months latest, it shall pass the yearly 1 day tests developed by domain 3, science, culture and sports for that year. It is the children themselves that apply for the tests. After 6 years of such continually harder tests passed, the school children qualify to pass the basic generic knowledge test and become candidate citizens. This test takes 5 days, Monday to Friday - it covers science, culture and sports tests as well as practical daily life competences. It as few stressful phases, when quick work is required. But mostly it is rather relaxed - more a party than a test.
They can have 3 failed attempts for the yearly and the end tests in total and must not be older than 10 years of what they were when getting ready for schooling. They have then the duty to pass a more practical education to become an industry-specific professional (cf. P.03.3) or persue the academic path (cf. P.03.4) to become full citizen.
For elder human beings, e.g. visitors that want or have to become citizens, that must pass this test, it can be abbreviated. Some or all of the 6 yearly tests can be skipped. It is the candidate's responsiblity and plan of preparation to decide this.
All schooling fees are paid by the state up to 1/8 BME per child with a 10% participation of the parents. But the schooling is left to private organisations to be provided or be done by the parents themselves.
P.03.3 Apprenticeship: yearly industry-specific tests - become full citizen
If you decide for a non-academic career (also medicine doctors are considered non-academics), then you must go into at least 4 years of mostly practical (4 of the 5 weekdays) and also theoretical industry-specific apprenticeship. It is, of course, the candidates themselves that apply for the tests. Each industry may define 4, 5 or 6 required years. You must pass the 4 yearly 1 day industry-specific tests and the final 5 days industry professional test. Then you are full citizen. Congratulations!
They can have 2 failed attempts for these tests and must not be older than 18 years of what they were when getting ready for schooling.
The companies that offer apprenticeships are paid by the state up to 1/8 BME per candidate citizen. The candidate citizen receives a salary from the state of 1/3 BME in the first + 1/8 BME for each additional year. However, in repetition years (after a failed attempt), there is no salary nor apprenticeship fee to the company paid.
SCS.03.4 Yearly school tests - become advanced candidate citizen
Optionally, and actually at any age as long as being at least school child and not retired, one may pass at least 2 yearly tests and 1 final test week to fulfill advanced generic (candidate) citizen requirements. This a quite more demanding than the basic test. It is the prerequisite to go to an academic career (doctor, cf. P.03.5, or professor of some specialisation) or the advanced and expert industry-specific professional titles. It is, of course, the candidates themselves that apply for the tests.
Most people that want to do it, will do it parallel to P.03.2 (the basic education years) and/or P.03.4 (the basic industry professional education years).
All schooling fees are paid by the state up to 1/8 BME per child/candidate citizen with a 10% participation of the parents. But the schooling is left to private organisations to be provided or be done by the parents themselves.
They can have 1 failed attempt for these tests.
P.03.5 Yearly academic tests - become full doctoral citizen
If you decide for an academic career (you may later switch to still a more industry-related career), then you must have passed the advanced test as per P.03.4 and then go into at least 2 years of specialised theoretical tests. Each academic specialisation may define 4, 5 or 6 required years. You must pass the yearly 1 day tests and the final 5 days doctoral test. Then you are full doctoral citizen. Congratulations!
They can have 1 failed attempt for this test and must not be older than 23 years of what they were when getting ready for schooling.
All schooling fees are paid by the state up to a percentage BME specific for the study specialisation per candidate citizen. But the schooling is left to private organisations to be provided. At that level, however, these must be universities that are accredited by domain 3, science/culture/sports. The candidate citizen receives a salary from the state of 1 BME in the first + 1/2 BME for each additional year. However, in repetition years (after a failed attempt), there is no salary paid.
Note: all further titles (like professorship) and the continuing education programs are managed by domain 3, science/culture/sports.
P.03.6 Unconditional income for full citizens
The domain 7, finances pays the following: A full citizen receives 0.5 BME (parameter) unconditional income for the human beings he/she is responsible for. Citizen itself = 1, pregnancy = 0.1 (parameter), married partner = 1, child before schooling = 0.3 (parameter), school child = 0.5 (parameter), candidate citizen = 0.6 (parameter), helpless (patronized human being) = 0.3/0.5/0.6 (same parameters as before) depending on the age. In traditional marriages, this goes to the one family account, in modern marriages, it is split into equal parts that each goes on each partner's account, and for single full citizens this just goes onto her/his account.
Comments on P.03 manage childhood (education) until full citizenship
Each human being shall have the opportunity to become a full citizen. And this citizenship is linked to a minimum education. Largly, the motivation must come from the young themselves. But the state supports strongly and, for instance, pays more or less everything regarding education and even pays the candidate citizens a small salary that allows them to get acquatinted to money and start becoming independent from the parents.
Because every human being, also children, must be present at the community assemblies (cf. C.09.1 Basic communities assemblies) and also the police, domain 4, has the duty to visit each room unit unannounced, mainly to check for hidden human beings, it is assured that there are no uneducated or unregistered human beings in a stablestate.
Then, regarding the quality of the education, we do not think that it is a good idea that a school tests its own scholars. Instead, the tests are prepared and done by the domain 3, science, culture and sports in way that is harmonised in the entire stablestate. The administration of this, however, remains with domain 2, persons administration. This ensures to maintain, democratically defined absolute standards.
Regarding career paths, people can choose a rather practical way with an apprenticeship. Or they can go the academic path. The academic path shall be reserved for the maybe 10% or so really talented people and is therefore designed rather tough. Doing some high school / college alone is not considered enough and the bachelor or master academic levels we do not think are necessary. If you go the academic path, then you must do a doctorate - however, for the practical path there are advanced (equals maybe bachelor) and expert (equals master) career paths foreseen. These, however, are in the complete realm of domain 3. because they do not influence the legal status of human beings. Even though we mention a percentage here for the academic path, there is no intention to define a relative quorum of people that shall do it; the quality gate, defined by domain 3, science, culture and sports, is absolute.
Note that companies are required to offer a certain, sufficient number of apprenticeships and the quality of those is monitored - if too low, punishments apply; all managed by domain 3.
In the end, a stablestate has just educated and professional full citizens. Those who do not make this, can and shall still lead a decent life and work. However, they do so under the guidance of their parents or a custodian (kindof equal to a parent, the patronised kindof equal to a child but with more rights). Also, they cannot marry nor have children. A patronised after 5 years or later can decide to start again the education to become full citizen. But doing so he/she has only one chance - the number of failed attempts are equal, but once again out, then there is no other chance to become full citizen.
We think this, having just educated and professional full citizens, is necessary if a real democracy shall work. Each member of the democracy must understand processes and their direct and indirect impacts in order to contribute to making good and independent decisions. This is what we want and need. Not a herd of sheep senselessly running behind a 'lead ram' or be intimidated by 'dogs or wolves'.
P.04 Partnerships (marriages, best friendships) and splits (divorces)
P.04.1 What a partnership non-financially implies
You want the best for your partner. If you'd be forced to sacrifice yourself for your partner (which is a very though formulation - and hopefully rare situation in reality), your decision should tend to 'yes, I'd sacrifice myself for my partner'. In the real such situation, you might decide for 'no', but in less tough situations, the decision must be 'yes'.
In case your partner becomes invalid to make decisions, you take over all rights and duties for him/her.
You may always visit your partner in a hospital - as far as medical indications allow it.
This replaces the relatives respective rights and duties: parents to children (own or adopted) and vice versa, siblings to each other, uncles/aunts to nephews/nieces and vice versa, in this sequence of precedence.
If you have no relatives and no partner, then the secretary couple has those rights and duties.
P.04.2 What a partnership financially implies
Each keeps the individually owned accounts and assets/contracts.
You open a common savings account and each specifies his/her monthly contribution to it with a fixed amount or formula or regulation that makes it clear each month how much is to be paid. This can only be used with both agreeing. And this is inherited. From this you may pay for a commonly owned house or company share or ... The contribution may be 0.
You open a common current expenses account onto which both have individual usage rights. Else it is like the savings account.
You may also define financial or assets transfers individual to individual prior to or while running a partnership as part of the partnership contract. Not for afterwards. No ugly splits/divorces shall happen.
All payments are made on the first day of the month. (And the regulations must be made so that on the first day of each month the exact amounts/assets to be transferred are defined)
P.04.3 Qualifying to partner
Only full citizens that are so for at least 3 years can decide to partner.
P.04.4 Types of partnerships
(a) Partnership between male and female is the most common type. It has, by definition, the sexual component, maybe to have children and always to be the partner's sexual fulfillment. Of course, this only without violence, but for sex (normal, oral, manual) both partnered always say 'yes'. Partners vow sexual faithfulness and saying 'no' is also sexual unfaithfulness. Partnership, however, is not restricted to male and female.
(b) Non-exclusive partnership: this can have the form of allowing one or both partners to have sex with others. Or even the form of allowing one or both partners to have other, additional, partnerships, either just best-friendships or any partnership.
(c) Marriage: One of your partnerships (not best-friendships) in the course of your lifetime, you and your partner may decide, right at the beginning or while running it, to call marriage. But when splitting it or rename back to partnership or convert to best-friendship - this was it.
(d) Best-friendship: this is a partnership without the sexual component and it is by default non-exclusive. Can be made so as an option.
P.04.5 Declaring the partnership
Both do so at the secretary couple. The financial details are not public, the type of partnership is, except if exclusive or not.
And existing partnerships can be changed on the 2nd of a month or later in the month by end of the month (or rather by start of the new month) by any individual, only the own financial obligations and type, or by both at the secretary couple. If not by both, the secretary couple must immediately inform the other individual of the changes.
P.04.6 Splitting (divorcing)
On the 2nd of a month or later in the month, you may split. Both individuals can do this - no need for both agreeing, no need for giving reasons. The split is immediately effective. In the case of a marriage, the split is called divorce.
The status after splitting the last partnership is again unpartnered.
P.04.7 Overpopulation mode - licences to have children for marriages
The limit of human beings sustainably be able to live on earth is set to 1'000'000'000 (parameter). If this limit is reached and over, largly the case as per year 2022, the stablestate goes into the 'overpopulation mode'.
When the 'overpopulation mode' is active, then the following applies:
We assume 50'000'000 km2 of earth land surface to be inhabitable. So the average ratio is 20 human beings per km2 (parameter). The average life duration is 80 years (parameter). So, we can have 20 / 80 = 1/4 child licences per km2 per year for the entire state. Each month the secretaries state-wide can issue 1/12th of the annual state-wide child licenses to marriages that apply for it.
The licenses are issued to marriages with priority (1) by region of yet lowest density of population, (2) number of children lower than 3 (yes has higher prio than no), (3) time of application state-wide. When there are more applications than licenses available, then the marriages that did not get one must apply next month again if they like. The license is valid for 12 months. If not used, it is given to the most recent unlicensed newborn of the entire state. The implications of this, cf. P.02 register newborn.
Yes, you read right, it is marriages, not any partnerships, that get this right.
Comments on P.04 Partnerships and splits
We think that it is important to be full citizen and at least for some time living as full citizen before one enters into a partnership. Also, this prevents children from going directly from childhood and possibly at a very early age into marriages.
Then, only married people can legally get children in the overpopulation mode. This mode may look strange to some readers. But it is the stablestate's proposed regulation to prevent an overpopulation of human beings on this planet ; in the end to prevent the cruel and negative consequences such an overpopulation has. There may be different and smarter regulations proposed and accepted - but having no regulation is not honest, not correct, not intelligent.
Yes, and this sexual component, seems to be
P.05 Manage superannuation
P.05.1 Minimum superannuation age
If you are 58 (parameter), then you can choose to be superannuated.
P.05.2 Maximum age to get superannuated
If you are 70 (parameter), then you are automatically superannuated
P.05.3 The positive effects of being superannuated
Cf. domain 7, finances: (a) The 100% (parameter) median property owned-for-housing per citizen is then tax-freed. (b) The conditionless income you receive is then 1.5 (parameter) BME and you need not work for the community.
P.05.4 The negative effects of being superannuated
Cf. domain 7, finances: (a) You must not get other payments than the conditionless income and maybe additional registered pensions rents. So, you can work but it must be benevolent work. (b) After 5 years of being superannuated and somebody dies, 100% of the property that is not the tax-free owned-for-housing, will then go to the state, i.e. there is 100% inheritance 'tax'. This goes linear by years, i.e. after the 1st year, it is 20%, after the second, 40%, etc. Only the property you own-for-housing up to the tax-free limit is inherited by your inheritors. (c) The medical treatments including care paid by the community are limited to pain-relieving measures up to a maximum cost limit of 1.5 (parameter) BME.
Comments on P.05 superannuation
We think that the exact age for an individual to get superannuated shall be individualised within a certain, democratically defined, age range. However, and this might be an unconventional line of thinking for some, we also think that getting superannuated, i.e. retiring from the community's workforce, must have certain consequences: you must not work and get paid anymore - the inheritance tax goes from 0% to 100% within 5 years - you only get limited state-paid health costs.
P.06 Register death with body (remains) present
P.06.1 Medical fact finding of death
When a human being is supposed to be dead, then a registered medical doctor must be called (cf. domain 3, science, culture, sports). The secretary must also be present (called) and makes sure there is really a medical doctor present. If there is the suspicion of a violent death or the identity of the dead is not known, then also the police (domain 4) must be called. In this latter case nobody must touch the body nor objects around it and before the death fact finding, the police must secure all proofs that might be destroyed by the death fact finding.
If the ID is not known, then a new ID is issued and the police mandated to find out the real ID.
Then, the medical doctor does the death fact finding. If dead, then this can be challenged by any citizen. If not dead, of course, immediately emergency measures are taken by the mdeical doctor and likely call for more medical help is then made. In the case of a challenge, a second medical doctor must be organised within 4 hours that can check again.
P.06.2 Register death
If really dead, then this is registered by the secretary.
If there is the suspicion of a violent death confirmed by the medical facts, and the violator not already catched (all citizens may do so in obvious cases and escape trials) then the police is mandated to find out the violator(s). Else the violator goes to the violator process as per domain 5, justice.
P.06.3 Publish death
The death is communicated first in person, if possible, to the nearest 2 levels of relatives and to the nearby neighbours. Then, it is also published on the basic community's truthweb and to the inheritors (if not already notified in person).
P.06.4 Death implications
If the dead has room unit property and is not married, then the police goes and locks/unlocks/protects it all until the inheritors, i.e. new property owners, are able to visit the places and physically get handed-over the property by the police.
All adminstrative property handovers to the inheritors or to the state are immediately and automatically made and active, when the death is registered. Note: Remember that there is no inheritance tax if the dead human being was not already retired. If retired for 1 year, there is 20%, 2/40%, 3/60%, 4/80% and 5 years or more 100% inheritance tax, except for the state-wide median owned-for-housing room-unit size up to which it remains 0%.
An eventual marriage with just a single person left is removed. If 2 or more persons are left, then the head remains if not the dead, else the elder person becomes the head.
Comments on P.06 death
This largely follows today's practice with death cases: there are the 'normal' ones, then violent ones that are prosecuted by regulation by the police.
Note that there is another death case when somebody has disappeared (cf. P.09.4), but then one waits quite a while until this is done.
P.07 Manage sickness/accident
P.07.1 Small sickness/accident of a working citizen or candidate citizen
A small sickness/accident/(actually whatever, nobody really asks) leave from work up to 3 days goes on the holiday days.
Note that the stablestate pays registered preventive (or actually any) medical treatments up to 20% BME (parameter) per year. There is no franchise or whatever, so that everybody can afford to get medical (preventive) treatment up to a certain limit.
Also all immediate accident or urgencies life-saving interventions are fully and unconditionally paid by the state. The medical urgency and intervention can be challenged by the secretary, i.e. a 2nd and maybe 3rd medical professional looking at the patient and circumstances. If fraud is detected then the fraudulent parties get a violation of respect punishment.
P.07.2 Longer sickness/accident caused absence of a working citizen or candidate citizen
All days longer than the small sickness/accident absence are called longer absences and need a medical proof that can be contested by the employer or secretary. If fine, then these days for citizens are paid like unemployed/working for the state and the employer is exempt from paying the salary for these days. For candidate citizens anyway the salary is paid by the stablestate and just continues.
Also note that the stablestate pays all (medical) measures that enable the human being going back to work that are over 50% (parameter) of the past yearly tax you have paid. Also protheses or other means to fix problems are paid.
If the patient or any other citizen suspects violence, a breech of the law of peace, by somebody, maybe a named accused or a set of suspicious or just unknown, then this is taken over by the domains 4 and 5, police and justice until a final decision and maybe punishment is made.
P.07.3 Sickness/accidents before becoming candidate citizen
The stablestate pays all (medical) measures that enable human beings to become candidate citizens. Also protheses or other means to fix problems are paid.
If not able to make the basic test and, hence not able to become candidate citizen, then the community pays only pain-relieving measures including care limited to 1.5 (parameter) BME and the human being becomes helpless, cf. P.11.
P.07.3 Permanent sickness/accident caused absence of a working citizen or candidate citizen
Some sicknesses/accidents have the fatal consequence that the impacted human being cannot work anymore in the profession where he/she used to work. The stablestate does not believe in 'still able but with reduced pensum' hypotheses. If you have an obvious physical problem (arm damaged), then you simply cannot work anymore as construction worker. With mental issues and other non-obvious problems, however, this might be true or not. So, we enter a 'danger zone': nobody really can tell for sure and everbody can claim whatever. Therefore, a fair treatment for the real impacted and the fake ones is impossible to do with going into those non-proofable issues. The stablestate therefore just stops here. Instead, it offers:
(a) A new apprenticeship to become professional in some other profession at payment by the stablestate like unemployed/working for the state. During this apprenticeship, even years after failed attempts are paid. (But the number of allowed failed attempts is not reduced)
(b) A permanent full helpless support (you may also call it early retirement) as per P.12.
P.07.4 Permanent sickness - death by free will
As long as you are in good mental state, you may decide when permanently sick and suffering hard, to organise a medically helped death. However, this is challenged by domain 3 and must pass the criterion defined. If you choose to do it and it is done, then P.6 applies.
Comments on P.07 sickness/accidents
We believe in private organisations doing the medical and ambulances services. But we also believe that the treatments shall be largely paid by the community. It is a classical pattern of singular 'catastrophic' or near so event, that must be insured by the many, i.e. community. So, the service providers are privately and the insurance is statewise organised - quite a difference to many of todays 'solutions'. But we know that many of today's solutions result in mediocre results - unfortunately most both service and finance wise.
The part persons pay individually shall depend on the tax they pay. Because the stablestate only knows wealth tax without any 'strange' deduction complexities, this works: the wealthy pay more than the less wealthy. The completely wealthless, depending on the democratically defined parameters, will likely not pay any necessary treatment.
The secretary must be alert for fraud and has means to detect fraud with fake medical treatments. All involved fraudulent parties will get high punishments.
P.08 Manage unemployment
P.08.2 Register unemployment - working for the community
Latest 1.1 weeks in advance, by Fr/Sat of the week before the immediate previous week, any person that does not own a work contract for this time can register her-/himself to work 5 days for the community. This means Mo-Fr or Mo-Sat with 1 defined day off inbetween. We call this 'unemployment' as it will be mostly taken as an opportunity for unemployed people to get sufficient income.
The registring can also be done earlier - but the fixing is as stated above.
P.08.2 Salary for working for the community
Each day present and doing as told by the representatives, the community worker receives 1.2 BME (parameter) / 20 salary. The representatives can define jobs for the good of the community, e.g. clean the countryside or do whatever. They can also let them work for farmers or whoever for 50% (parameter) of this salary. If those people are present at the normal work hours and perform with 30% (parameter) of median daily output of the job assigned, then they get their full salary. The domain 3 publishes median daily outputs per job category.
Each day promised but not present the community worker must pay the same daily amount as above 1.2 BME (parameter) / 20 salary.
Note that this salary comes in addition to the unconditional income as per P.03.6.
Comments on P.08 unemployment
This regulation, together with the unconditional income, and the income and tax-free living room for retired people and the obligation that every human being appears at the basic community assemblies (at least 2 times a year) guarantee the minimal standard of living for everybody is assured.
The salary for working for the community is the same as a minimal salary definition. Because if you are offered a job with less salary, you have the option to work for the community. This work for the community is not restricted to be unemployed or not - well, there cannot be a registered work contract.
This mode is to offer 'protected' jobs, a daily structure and income for the somehow less performing - temporarily or permanently.
P.08 Manage absence
P.08.1 Register absence
One can register an absence (= go abroad, out of the stablestate) of at most 12 months (parameter). When you do this you must pay your taxes for the 12 months in advance but do not get the unregistered absence tax punishment. All longer absences are considered to leave the stablestate and your property goes to the inheritors after what you pay the taxes in advance for. If you pay 0, then the inheritors get your property immediately.
P.08.2 Unregistered absence - tax punishment
An absence is recognised when you do not appear at a basic community assembly. This is no issue for missing 1, but missing 2 or more in a sequence is punished tax-wise. If n is the number of missed basic assemblies in sequence, the weight added to PWi for the citizen is (2(n-1) - 1) * PWih. So, you see it is not good at all to miss 2 or even 3 or more basic assemblies. If you miss 12, then all your property goes to the inheritors. If you miss just 1, then next time you show up, you just pay the taxes for the past and current state-cycle without punishment.
(Likely, such unregistered absences at more than 1 basic assembly is only done purpusefully by people without any property)
The regulations for disappearances, cf. below, also apply.
P.09 Manage disappearance
P.09.1 Register disappearance
Whenever the secretary notices an unregistered absence for the 2nd time in sequence, he makes a call into the basic community, if this person is missed by somebody or, in other words, there is the suspicion that the absence is not wanted. This can also be communicated any time by any of the citizens to the secretary for any human being, also non-citizens that live, maybe also only temporarily, in the basic community. This is then called a disappearance. It suspends tax punishment (of course) and it immediately gives a mandate to the police to find this person, cf. domain 4, police.
The first inheritor immediately becomes the custodian that can act on behalf of the disappeared (e.g. pay salaries for a disappeared company owner).
P.09.2 Unregister disappearance
When the police has found the person and it is proven that the disappearance was not wanted, then we are all happy; except maybe the force-using people that caused the disappearance, they are punished. If the disappearance, however, proves to be 'simulated', then the offender is punished with at least 1 month of untrue behaviour punishment and the tax punishment also applies.
P.09.3 Permanent disappearance
If the police reports that all has been done with no result and 12 months (parameter) have passed, then a person is registered as permanently disappeared and the police can stop its actions. It is still filed and when new knowledge is revealed, the police gets active again.
P.09.4 Assumed dead
When the status of permanent disappearance for a human being is more than 20 years (parameter), then the human being is registered as dead and all actions of P.07 Register death are done - except the medical checks, of course.
Based on biometric ID checks a person reappearing and claiming to be a disappeared person, if checked positively, can take back his/her property from the custodian. If the delay for 'assumed dead' (20 years) has already passed, then, unfortunately, nothing can be claimed back.
P.09.6 Trips into the unknown - adventurers
When doing a trip into the unkown (likely rather impossible to do on earth, but into space it is still possible), one can announce a projected year and month of return. Then, when the trip starts, also the custodian, first inheritor, takes the responsibilities of the adventurer's property. The delays for permanent disappearance and assumed dead (P.09.3 and 4) will only start after the announced month of return has passed.
P.10 Manage move-in move-out
P.10.1 Move in
In every basic community where you directly or indirectly own a room unit or you possess a usage rent contract of a room unit your are automatically considered to have moved-in. And you must attend the basic community assemblies (cf. P.08 and domain 1, constitution, C.09).
An indirectly owned room unit move-in can be delegated by a citizen if
- there are other citizens sharing this ownership and one of them wants to be or simply is the delegate
- you are registered at at least 1 basic community in the stablestate
P.10.2 Move out
As soon as you sell the last room unit or quit the last usage contract in a basic community you have moved out and cannot attent anymore its assemblies.
P.10.3 Your basic community
The can be citizens without property or usage contracts. Constantly on the move or whatever. Still, they must be registered at 1 basic community - their basic community. And, as consequence, normally attend at least every 2nd assembly (cf. P.07) of their basic community.
P.11 Manage visitors
P.11.1 Free persons exchange - register as visitor
Persons can cross the borders free if they have and present their ID when entering the state. People without ID get one (a triplet to be precise, cf. the definition of a human being). All those so-called visitors pay the minimum 1 state-cycle person tax (which covers 1 month staying/travelling in the state) in the border basic community. If detected later, in some check in a basic community, the same procedure applies, but they pay 2 state-cycle persons taxes (1 as a punishment).
P.11.2 Visitors pay for themselves
Persons can also lodge and travel around in non-military zones free as long as they do pay for themselves.
P.11.3 Visitors can accept short-termed work
Registered visitors can also work (offer their services) provided the price battle range rules C.07 are fulfilled for maximum 2 weeks. For the distance calculation, visitors are registered at one basic community, likely the border one. Violators of this regulation are punished with the minimal respect violation punishment.
P.11.4 Work and stay longer
Visitors can also become working residents (not yet citizens), get registered as this, can acquire property and pay their taxes on possessions namely a work contract. The work contract fulfillment by the employer is then fully protected by the state. If without work but still want to stay longer, the helpless rules apply.
P.11.5 Become full citizen
Registered residents who work/pay for themselves must get the citizenship latest after 10 years (parameter) including all benefits. For this they must also pass the basic test (mainly the languages and "state knowledge" tests) and an industry basic test (a profession) or pass the advanced and doctoral tests. If they fail to do so, they can, of course, go back to their home state within 12 months or become helpless, cf. P.13.
P.11.6 Become helpless - broadcast for custody
Persons that do not / cannot pay for themselves and do not / cannot work, but want to stay, are called "helpless". Helpless families are not separated (unless they want to be separated). Helpless people must find a "godfather"/"godmother" who is a full citizen. The state official broadcasts the helpless in the basic community and gives them 1 week time to find one. The helpless live at the next state officials that have free room. Each state official must have 2 beds/room available (but can be occupied already).
P.11.7 No custodian/parent found - pushback
Helpless that do not find a "godfather"/"godmother" in 1 week or all is occupied are pushed to the next basic community in geographical direction of their root country (as told or if none told any random one, no check but registered on the ID). If this means out of the state, then they are given to the neighbour state at the border. (Never a fly-out). This is immediately iterated when they come back: ID check - transport to the border, only beverage/water offered. It is made clear to those people that coming back again is no option to get out of this 'loop'.
P.11.8 Custodian/parent found
Helpless that find a "godfather"/"godmother", are added like "child" family members. They have the duty to learn the language, the profession and eventually become full citizens. Well, go to school and make an apprenticeship (or the academic path) like all normal people.
P.11.9 Underaged, single helpless
Underaged, single helpless and all that have found an apprenticeship but have lost or never had a "godfather/godmother" must not be pushed outside the stable state but stay at an official if need be (each must constantly have 2 extra beds that can be taken in such cases). A new broadcast for custody may be done.
P.11.10 Checking unknown people
Every person/visitor can be checked by any state official or other cititzen. Of course, this is only done with people unknown to the neighbourhood and officials. If caught without ID (and DNA checking reveals there was never an ID issued), he/she is registered and gets an ID. Also, the status is then checked if still a visitor or a resident or helpless and treated accordingly.
P.13 Manage helpless
P.13.1 Register as helpless
There can be forced and free-will registering as helpless. The positive consequences are: you are cared for, you need not work. The negative consequences are: you loose your democratic rights, you cannot own property - if you have at the time of becoming helpless all goes to your inheritors.
P.13.2 Call for custody or adoption
If not already under custody or with a parent, and if roofless given temporary shelter by one of the community representatives, in the basic community a call for custody or adoption is made. And if not successful, one higher up in the communities hierarchy, etc. If not successful, then one of the representatives must take the custody.
When chosing a custody or adoption: the candidate must be full citizen and make proof he/she can accomodate the helpless. The candidate must not have more than 3 (parameter) patronised or adopted human beings and not have more than 3 (parameter) own normal-born children.
When more than 1 viable candidate: Couples are preferred over single persons. Candidates with not 0 but less children/patronages are preferred. In case of doubts, the secretary can get information about the seriousness of the candidates.
P.13.3 Payment of custodians
If you adopt a human being, you pay all on your own.
If you take somebody as custodian (also the representatives that must host, temporarily or permanently), then you receive 30% BME (percentage) compensation each month.
P.14 Human beings and ID management
P.14.1 ID and eID issueing by the state
The stable state issues and verifies person's IDs both physically ('cards') and electronically. This is the basis of all trustworthy communication. Quite easily achieved physically face2face, a bit more challenging electronically. The algorithms implemented for the electronic ID issueing, verification and communications encryption/decryption as well as the devices where they run are issued by the stable state under public control.
P.14.2 Human beings challenge - human being equivalents
As outlined in the definition of Human being, there can be challenges if some entity is a human being or not. These are treated by the persons administration official. If the final outcome is that an entity is NOT a human being, then this is either treated as an animal or a robot or a human being equivalent (as intelligent and able as or more than a human being). In the latter case, this entity is treated like a human being, but the ID/URL gets an additional indication that it is an equivalent and what kind of equivalent it is ("marsian", etc.). As per current knowledge, there are no such entities. But if once there will be, we shall treat them in truth, respect and peace (or defend ourselves if attacked).
P.15 Animals management
P.15.1 Domestic animals (for fun or for usage)
Domestic animals that can go outhouse (dogs, cats, all kinds of cattle, horses, ...) shall be registered by the owner and chipped. Ownership transfer and death must be announced and reflected. This "animal-ownership" goes into the taxation-relevant calculation as per domain 7 Finances. For all violations of the laws of respect and peace done by a domestic animal, the owner is responsible as if done by himself.
P.15.2 Animals threats
Animals can be a threat because of their behaviour or because they are sick or transport sickmaking other entities (viruses). If such is revealed, announced and verified by the experts from domain 3 Science, there can be measures decided by the Persons admin official: vaccination, quarantaine, catch/transfer, kill. The execution of the measure is done by the owner (if there is one) or the responsible for domain 4 Inner Security ("police") and enforced/checked by the "police". If actual damage is done and proofed, then the punishments are defined acordingly by domain 5, justice.
P.15.3 Wild animals
The stable state requires some "wild areas" according to the domain 1 of constitution C.06.9-10. As long as animals, also possibly deadly ones, are in that areas, they cannot be touched, no measures are possible. If outside, then the stable state shall consider the catch/transfer measure for threating animals into "wild areas" first. Only as second line of defense, the killing option shall be used. Both executed by the guards (domain 4 Inner Security) but ordered by the Persons management official.
P.16 Robots management
P.16.1 Registering robots
Each robot (drone, self-driving car, walking 'robodog', ...) that can go outhouse must be registered by the owner. Also, the creator of each "outhouse" robot is registered - the owner of "inhouse" robots can also insist on the creator's registration of such robots. Ownership transfer and destruction must be announced and reflected. This "robots-ownership" goes into the taxation-relevant calculation as per domain 7 Finances. For all violations of the laws of respect and peace done by a robot, the owner is responsible as if done by himself if the robot behaved as per the creator's specification. If not behaving according to the creator's specification, the creator is responsible.
P.16.2 Robots threats
Robots can be a threat ("purposeful killing machines" or just "dropped on people's heads by accident", the stablestate does not want and not need to know this). If such is revealed, announced and verified by the experts from domain 3 Science, there can be measures decided by the Persons admin official: repair (send to the creator), destroy. The execution is done by the owner (if there is one) or the responsible for domain 4 Inner Security ("police") and enforced/checked by the "police". If actual damage is done and proofed, then the punishments are defined acordingly by domain 5, justice.
P.16.3 Robots at wartime, robots attacks or "unkown" robots
The stable state head of domain 6 exterior security must react in due time (possibly quicker than P.16.2) and defend against robots attacks from across the borders. Usually the measure is: destroy or at least disable the functioning. Also, "unkown", i.e. not owned, robots can appear inside the borders, single or in hords. Then, the head of domain 4 interior security is responsible to destroy or at least disable the functioning. Actually, the 2 domains of 4, police, and 6, army, work hand-in-hand against such attacks.
P.17 Register a new company or association
PM.17.1 A new company or association must have a unique name (URL) and can be founded by a set of citizens and/or other companies/associations. The initial shareholders (person/#shares) or members must be named.
PM.17.2 There are no other forms of juristic persons that 'company' and 'association'. A company has a total capital and number of shares (which can be changed later). An association just belongs to its members per capita.
PM.17.3 When companies or associations are founded or shares ownership or membership changes, then 3 rules apply:
(1) There must be no circular ownerships (e.g. company A owns shares of company B, company B owns shares of company C, company C owns shares of company A)
(2) A natural person can be member of a maximum of 10 (parameter) associations.
(3) There must be at least 1 member in an association and at least 1 share of a company must be owned by another person than the company itself.
If any of those rules would be broken, then the founding or ownership/membership change is refused to happen.
Note1: Each such transaction of founding/ownership/membership change is collected state-wide in each state-decision cycle and put in a temporal (and same-time requests in an arbitrary) sequence. It is requested in state-cycle n (month a) and then becomes effective in state-cycle n+1 (following month b). And each that breaks the rules PM.17.3 simply does not become effective. Instead, the involved persons (natural or juristical) are notified. It is the responsibility of the involved persons to foresee that the rules are not broken and if they still are, the consequences of the transaction not becoming effective is in the full responsibility of the involved persons.
Note2: Taxation-wise (cf. domain Finances), everthing a company or association owns is 'transferred' by the percentage of ownership to its owners. In the end, it all accumulates at the natural persons to pay the taxes. This one of the great simplifications of the taxation system: the are no company/associations taxes.
Note 3: Because per association membership of a natural person, the association's possessions transferred to each member are deducted by 1 'taxation-point' (parameter), we must limit the number of such memberships. Else artificial constructions could be made to get completely tax-freed. Also note that 1 'taxation-point' equals roughly 1'000 CHF (as per initial parametrisation - all subject to democratical changes over time). So, the maximum total tax-free amount per natural person would be 10'000 CHF which seems reasonable. For all those small associations (like a smaller cities sports club) with maybe 200 members, however, it means that it can operate tax-free to a maximum of 200'000 CHF (200 x 1 'taxation-point' = 1'000 CHF) assets. Which is nice and sufficient to allow such non-profit constructions to work well.
PM.18.1 Share transfer: This is requested by current owner and buyer in state-cycle n and will become effective in state-cycle n+1, if not rules PM.17.3 (1)+(3) are violated.
PM.18.2 Membership change: This is requested by the association and person in state-cycle n and will become effective in state-cycle n+1, if not rules PM.17.3 (2)+(3) are violated.
Note: Because the first juristic persons must be founded by natural persons and we have the rules in PM.17.3 effective, it is not possible to have juristic persons that directy and indirectly only belong to other jurstic persons. So, each possession of a juristic person, in the end, goes to at least 1 natural person. This is why we can and should refrain from taxation of juristic persons. Instead, we believe that innovation and economy profits from a free founding of companies and their tax-freeness.
Note: The eventual money transfers involved are of no interest to the state domain 2 Persons admin. And also the domain 7 Finances just executes safely and securely what is being ordered by the involved persons.
P.19 Dissolve a company or association
PM.19.1 The first step of, or otherwise formulated, previous to a dissolution of a jurstic person, all its possessions except the state money account (cf. domain Finances) must be sold. Once this state of a company or association is given, its dissolution can be requested in state-cycle n by the qualified majority (> 66% (parameter)) of its owners. If all is fine, then by state-cycle n+1, the juristic person and its state money account is deleted.
Note: The remaining amount on the state money account is transferred per ownership% to the owners state money accounts by domain 7 Finances
PM.20.1 Increase: The qualified majority of a company (>= 66% (parameter)) can request that the number of shares and/or capital is increased. Actually, capital is not relevant, as this is only some nominal ('artificial') value. The new shares, initially, belong to the company. However, in state-cycle n, there can also be buy-share requests for the newly created shares. So, the newly created shares, will never belong to the company but already initially to those owners.
PM.20.2 Decrease: The qualified majority of a company (>= 66% (parameter)) can request that the number of shares and/or capital is decreased. This can only be done by the number of shares owned by the company itself. But the transfers to the company (as per PM.18) can be made in the same cycle as the decrease request.
Note: Again, the money transfers involved are of no interest to the state domain 2 Persons admin.